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Illuminated manuscript cutting. Collage with historiated initial and border from a Choir Psalter. Maker & Production: Avila. Parchment and gold, 432 mm x 402 mm, collage made up of initial (317 x 290 mm) and eight border fragments, pasted on cardboard, circa 1482- circa 1492.
Historiated initial formed of stylized acanthus and pearls, surrounded by foliage, grotesques and putti on gold ground, and enclosed within composite floral and acanthus borders containing birds, animals, grotesques, the arms of Castile and Aragon and the devices of Ferdinand and Isabella, the yoke and the bundle of arrows respectively: Ps. 131, [M, 7 ll.] Personification of Justice as a crowned maiden, enthroned, holding gold coins on her lap and scroll inscribed Reddo unicuique secundum opera sua, and surrounded by seven crowned maidens holding heaps of gold coins and scrolls inscribed with garbled verses from Ps. 135 and 136, inscription alongside frame, IVSTITIA EST SINGVLARUM RERVM E[T] PERSONARVM EQVISSIMA DISTRIBVTIO QVAM QVIS OBTINENS E FIADHEREI (sic). The initial M would have introduced Psalm 131, Memento domine David, the first psalm for Thursday Vespers.
Notes: Two collages with historiated initials and borders from a Choir Psalter: MSS 293a and 293b These initials once belonged to a Choir Psalter, which was part of the set of Choir books made for the royal monastery of St Thomas in Avila, founded by HernÃ¡n NÃºÃ±ez Arnalte, secretary and treasurer of Ferdinand and Isabella.