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King's College Dinner Service (soup plate trial): C.2A-1969

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Object information

Titles

King's College Dinner Service (soup plate trial)

Maker(s)

Josiah Wedgwood & Sons (Factory)
Guyatt, Richard Talbot (Designer)

Description

Earthenware, printed underglaze in black, glazed and gilded.

Cream-coloured earthenware soup plate. In the middle is a five-layer Tudor rose made up of wavy ribbons and true lovers' knots, over the centre of which are the initials 'HR' with below to left 'VII', to right 'VIII' and below them, 'VI'. On the rim are ten ‘h’s, each formed by a dragon with its neck through a cleft stake.The underside is undecorated and has a narrow raised foot-rim. There are rough (pencil?) circles around the rim and inner design, perhaps to indicate where gold might be added.

Notes

History note: Commissioned by King's College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Given by Dr A.N.L. Munby, King's College

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 23.2 cm
Height: 3.1 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Barlaston ⪼ Staffordshire ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1969-03-13) by Munby, A. N. L.

Dating

Mid 20th century
Elizabeth II
Production date: AD 1958

Note

King’s originally only ordered the 10” dinner plate, but added the 9” pudding plate in 1956 and the soup plate a couple of years later. The Fitzwilliam holds an example of each, as well as this unglazed sample of the soup plate and examples from Guyatt’s ‘Oranges and Lemons’ lemonade set and of commemorative mugs he designed for Wedgwood, as well as Wedgwood Queen’s ware designed by Eric Ravilious.

Richard Gerald Talbot Guyatt CBE (1914-2007) began his career as a freelance graphic designer with posters for Shell-Mex and BP and book illustrations. At the Royal College of Art, where he was a professor from 1948 and later rector, he lead the introduction of education in graphic design and influenced subsequent expansion into typography, illustration, printmaking, photography, film and television design. From 1952-55 and 1967-70 Guyatt was consultant designer to Wedgwood. The company had revived the use of engraved designs in the mid 1930s – a mode of decoration which allowed the artist’s own work and ‘hand-writing’ to be reproduced in a factory setting, and well suited to Guyatt’s style. His design for this dinner service for the High Table of King's College, Cambridge, was recorded on 18 March 1954. The body was recorded as ‘CC’ (cream coloured earthenware, or ‘Queen’s ware’), and pattern book entry, no. G5558, notes it was first ‘printed in sepia, gilt, with a narrow band at edge line below verge in gold which was sanded’, though later versions are printed in black. Since 1971, when the College ordered a new 2,500 piece service, it has been made in metallized bone china with over-glaze printing, by Wedgwood's Hotel Division. The design is based on various motifs in the tracery lights of the King’s College Chapel windows. The central Tudor Rose encloses the ciphers of Henry VI, who founded the College in 1441, Henry VII and Henry VIII.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of ceramic printing colour ( black)

Materials used in production

unglazed Cream-coloured earthenware

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Earthenware, moulded and printed

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: WEDGWOOD/6 5 58
  • Location: On the base
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Type: Mark
  • Text: SPECIMEN TO SHOW/LAYOUT OF PATTERN/ONLY
  • Location: On the base
  • Method of creation: Hand-written in pencil

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.2A-1969
Primary reference Number: 11764
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "King's College Dinner Service (soup plate trial)" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/11764 Accessed: 2022-06-29 16:06:49

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/11764 |title=King's College Dinner Service (soup plate trial) |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-06-29 16:06:49|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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