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Wedgwood Bicentenary Mug: C.395-1991

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Object information

Titles

Wedgwood Bicentenary Mug

Maker(s)

Josiah Wedgwood & Sons Ltd (Factory)
Skellern, Victor (Designer)

Description

Cream earthenware printed onglaze in black and painted in polychrome with three circular titled views surrounded by trailing ivy, strawberry plants and fruiting vine.

Cream earthenware printed onglaze in b lack and painted in purple, pink, brown, blue and shades of green enamels. Cylindrical mug with oval loop handle. Decorated with three oval reserves entitled: 'BIRTHPLACE OF JOSIAH WEDGWOOD 1730/CHURCHYARD WORKS BURSLEM 1649'; 'ETRURIA, JUNE 13TH 1769/TRENT & MERSEY CANAL 1777'; and 'BARLASTON 1939', each containing a related black and white image. The third image, of the new factory with a statue of Josiah Wedgwood at left, also contains a flag-pole with Union Jack flag, in colour. Trailing ivy, strawberry plants and fruiting vines, in colour against a cloudy background, surround the ovals. On the handle, five green palmettes, separated by purple spots surrounded by six dots. The underside is recessed, creating a chamfered foot-ring around the edge, and glazed.

Notes

History note: Unknown before donor

Legal notes

Given by Mrs E. Rhulmann

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 9.2 cm
Height: 12.0 cm
Width: 13.4 cm

Relative size of this object

13.4 cm12 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Barlaston ⪼ Staffordshire ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1991-11-25) by Rhulmann, E., Mrs

Dating

Mid-20th Century
Elizabeth II
Production date: AD 1959

Note

This mug was issued to celebrate the bicentenary of the opening of Wedgwood’s first factory, under Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1975), at Ivy House Works, Burslem. Both the shape and the decoration were designed by Skellern, and it was also produced in plain black print and in gold print on black basalt versions. The shape has since been used for many other special editions. Wedgwood bicentenary mugs were also designed by others, including Peter Wall and Robert York Godden.

Victor George Skellern (1909-66) joined Wedgwood at age 14, whilst continuing to study at Burslem and Hanley Schools of Art. In 1930 took a scholarship to the Royal College of Art, returning in 1934 as Wedgwood’s first professionally trained Art Director. He championed the use of lithograph (or ‘Decal’) decoration for Queen’s ware and china, fully introduced in 1947, and was influential in modernising Wedgwood’s designs, following the principle ‘decoration must be designed for the shape, and must add something relevant to it’. Skellern also led the recruitment of freelance designers, such as Eric Ravilious and Richard Guyatt (examples of whose work can also be found in the Fitzwilliam collection).

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamels

Materials used in production

Clear glaze Cream-coloured earthenware

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Earthenware printed onglaze in black and painted in enamels
Glazing (coating)

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: inscription

  • Text: BIRTHPLACE OF JOSIAH WEDGWOOD 1730/CHURCHYARD WORKS BURSLEM 1649
  • Location: Oval reserve on exterior
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: inscription

  • Text: ETRURIA, JUNE 13TH 1769/TRENT & MERSEY CANAL 1777
  • Location: Oval reserve on exterior

Inscription present: 'BARLASTON' in a banner

  • Text: BARLASTON / 1939
  • Location: Oval reserve on exterior

Inscription present: in a circle around a small circle inscribed with 'WEDGWOOD BICENTENARY/1759/1959'

  • Text: .THIS MUG COMMEMORATES THE 200TH ANNIVERSARY OF./JOSIAH WEDGWOOD AND SONS 1959
  • Location: On the base
  • Method of creation: Printed in black
  • Type: Mark

Inscription present: in a small circle surrounded by 'THIS MUG COMMEMORATES THE 200TH ANNIVERSARY OF./JOSIAH WEDGWOOD AND SONS 1959'

  • Text: WEDGWOOD BICENTENARY/1759/1959
  • Location: On the base
  • Method of creation: Printed in black
  • Type: Mark

Inscription present: under small circlular inscription

  • Text: Gilbert Wedgwood - Overhouse - Burslem b. 1588/Thomas Wedgwood - Churchyard - Burslem b. 1617/Thomas Wedgwood - Churchyard - Burslem b. 1660/Thomas Wedgwood - Churchyard - Burslem b. 1687/JOSIAH WEDGWOOD F.R.S./1730-1795/1759. ESTABLISHED HIS OWN FACTORY/AT THE IVY HOUSE WORKS, BURSLEM/1769. ETRURIA WORKS/1939. THE 6TH GENERATION OF HIS/DESCENDANTS BUILT THE FACTORY AT/ BARLASTON
  • Location: On the base
  • Method of creation: Printed in black
  • Type: Mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.395-1991
Primary reference Number: 11800
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Wedgwood Bicentenary Mug" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/11800 Accessed: 2022-06-24 23:00:41

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/11800 |title=Wedgwood Bicentenary Mug |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-06-24 23:00:41|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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                        <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Wedgwood Bicentenary Mug</figcaption>
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