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Ashtray: M.66-1984

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Object information


Marks, Gilbert Leigh (Maker)


Pewter, cast, repousse and chased with alternating flower heads and points radiating from a flower-shaped outline in the centre, on spot-hammered ground. Circular with curved sides.

Legal notes

Given by Miss Ellen Bicknell

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 11.7 cm
Height: 1.8 cm

Place(s) associated

  • London ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1984) by Bicknell, Ellen, Miss


Early 20th century
Victoria I
Production date: CE 1900 : dated


Born in 1861 in Croydon, south London (where he remained until his premature death from syphilis), Marks appears to have developed his silversmithing skills in his spare time. In 1896, although still working as ‘something in the City’, he had two assistants, who helped him produce his metalwork and by 1901 was working full-time as a silversmith. His work, in silver and pewter, hammered with tools from both the front and the back to create raised decoration, was praised for its handmade qualities. Most of his pieces were in a naturalistic style, incorporating plants or animals. His obituary in The Burlington Magazine referred to his insistence ‘that the smith must be at once the designer, the artist, and craftsman. Marks would have no dies, no machinery, no repetitions.’ His early death resulted in his significant contributions to the Arts and Crafts movement being overlooked.

School or Style

Arts and Crafts (movement)

Components of the work


Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Cast (process)

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Marks underlined

  • Text: Gilbert Marks 1900
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Signature

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.66-1984
Primary reference Number: 125480
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 19 November 2019 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2020) "Ashtray" Web page available at: Accessed: 2021-09-16 19:26:01

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=|title=Ashtray|author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2021-09-16 19:26:01|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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