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St Jean d'Acre Medal: CM.1119-2009

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Maker(s)

‘Abd al-Majid (1823-61) (Ruler)
Ottoman Empire (State)

Description

In 1832 the city of Acre, in modern-day Palestine, was seized from Ottoman rule by the Egyptian general Ibrahim Pasha. Ibrahim had been leader of the Ottoman forces fighting Greek rebels in the Greek War of Independence which resulted in the Battle of Navarino, but by 1831 Ottoman distrust of his father, the Vizier Muhammad Ali, and his politics had led to Egypt being in open rebellion against the Turkish sultanate. As part of this Ibrahim was sent to invade Syria, and in 1832 he took the city by siege and went on to defeat two Ottoman armies. He held Syria for six years before the Turkish Porte could face him again, and their immediate defeat led to intervention on the part of the Austrian Empire and Great Britain. On 4 November 1840 their combined Mediterranean squadrons, with assistance from the French, bombarded and retook Acre for the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Mejid I. On 4 November 1840 a combined British, French and Austrian squadron bombarded and retook the city for the Ottoman Empire. Some of the British forces involved in this campaign were awarded this medal by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Mejid in 1843; in 1848 many also received the Naval General Service Medal with the appropriate bar.
This medal bears no name, and it is not known to whom it was awarded or in what capacity he served in the campaign. The fact that it is the silver issue rather than bronze means that the recipient was a Quarter-Deck or Warrant Officer. He may also have been eligible for the NGSM, but the example of this medal in the Watson Collection appears to have gone to a seaman more junior than would have received this piece.
Lester Watson purchased this medal at some point before 1928.

Notes

History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, bt before 1928

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 29.5 mm
Weight: 18.04 g

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester

Dating

Production date: AD 1843

Materials used in production

Silver

Techniques used in production

Struck

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Centre, hillfort with flagstaff; five stars above

  • Text: [THE REGION OF SYRIA AND THE CITADEL OF ACRE A.H. 1256]
  • Location: Obverse
  • Type: Design

Inscription present: Sultan's royal cipher with laurel sprays either side

  • Location: Reverse
  • Type: Design

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1119-2009
Primary reference Number: 141213
Watson Catalogue: 2
Ordering: M-0002
Previous object number: LW.0002
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Saturday 22 January 2022 Last processed: Sunday 23 January 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "St Jean d'Acre Medal" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141213 Accessed: 2022-08-14 21:46:01

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141213 |title=St Jean d'Acre Medal |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-14 21:46:01|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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