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Egyptian Medal (1882): CM.1223-2009

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Maker(s)

Mint: Birmingham
Artist: Wyon, Leonard Charles
Artist: Pinches, John
Ruler: Victoria (1837-1901)
Ruler: Victoria regina et imperatrix (With the title of)

Entities

Categories

Description

Victorian-period Egypt was technically a dependency of the Ottoman Empire, but in fact the Khedive, Tewfik Pasha, was effectively in the hands of Britain and France, for whom control of the Suez Canal was a strategic necessity. Egypt's shaky economic situation endangering this, in 1879 Britain and France took over government in an arrangement of dual control. This foreign influence was much resented in Egypt, and especially within the army. A Colonel by the name of Ahmad Urabi (Arabi Pasha) became the spearhead of the movement, which launched a coup in 1882. Riots against Europeans in Alexandria led to British intervention after some indecision, and the coup was suppressed by British arms.
This medal was awarded to Gunner J. Dooley of the Royal Marines Artillery, serving aboard HMS Alexandra when she bombarded Alexandria at the outset of the campaign. Another of her gunners won the Victoria Cross during this action. The engraver of the medal has misspelt the ship's name as the city's. Lester Watson acquired this piece at some point before 1928.

Notes

History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, acquired before 1928

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 36.2 mm
Weight: 39.44 g

Place(s) associated

  • Birmingham

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester

Dating

1882 CE - 1890 CE

Materials used in production

Silver

Techniques used in production

Struck

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Bust of Victoria facing left with veil

  • Text: VICTORIA REGINA ET IMPERATRIX
  • Location: Obverse
  • Type: Design

Inscription present: Sphynx on pedestal facing left

  • Location: Reverse
  • Type: Design

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1223-2009
Primary reference Number: 141317
Watson Catalogue: 117
Ordering: M-0106
Previous object number: LW.0106
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 15 January 2024 Last processed: Monday 15 January 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Egyptian Medal (1882)" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141317 Accessed: 2024-07-22 14:03:00

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141317 |title=Egyptian Medal (1882) |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-07-22 14:03:00|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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