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Khedive's Sudan Medal, 1896-1908: CM.1442-2009

An image of Khedive's Sudan Medal, 1896-1908

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Maker(s)

Mint: London
Ruler: Abbas II (1892-1914)
Artist: Saulles, George W. de
Ruler: Victoria (1837-1901) (Inferred)
Ruler: Abbas Hilmi the Second (With the title of)

Entities

Categories

Description

The recovery by Egypt of the Sudan, after its secession under Mahdist rebels in the 1880s, did not by any means mark the end of conflict in that province, which remained restless under an Egyptian control seen merely as a puppet for British imperialism. In fact combat was more or less endemic from 1896 to 1908 and beyond, and in 1897 the Egyptian Army obtained from the Khedive a new medal to be awarded for service in these campaigns. When finally replaced it had been issued with fifteen different bars, and without any bar for the earliest engagements that it covered.
The Battle of Hafir, fought in late September 1896, was the second of a series of engagements with the Mahdist forces of Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Taashi, who had succeeded the self-proclaimed Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad ibn al-Sayyid as Khalifa in 1895, as their opponents the Anglo-Egyptian Nile Expeditionary Force, under Field Marshal Sir Horatio Kitchener advanced into the rebel province by careful stages. At Hafir, with bombardment support from Navy gunboats, the British forces were able to convincingly rout the Mahdist forces, whose all-out resistance was to be no match for the British firepower in the ensuing campaign.
This medal was awarded to Private T. Birks of the 1st North Staffordshire Regiment. Lester Watson acquired the medal at some point before 1928.

Notes

History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, acquired before 1928

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 38.9 mm
Weight: 47.72 g

Place(s) associated

  • London

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester

Dating

Production date: AD 1897

Materials used in production

Silver

Techniques used in production

Struck

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1442-2009
Primary reference Number: 141536
Watson Catalogue: 361
Ordering: M-0325
Previous object number: LW.0325
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 15 January 2024 Last processed: Monday 15 January 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

Citation for print

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Khedive's Sudan Medal, 1896-1908" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141536 Accessed: 2024-06-23 18:57:24

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141536 |title=Khedive's Sudan Medal, 1896-1908 |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-06-23 18:57:24|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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