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Khedive's Sudan Medal, 1896-1908: CM.1443-2009

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Object information

Current Location: In storage


Mint: London
Ruler: Abbas II (1892-1914)
Artist: Saulles, George W. de
Ruler: Victoria (1837-1901) (Inferred)
Ruler: Abbas Hilmi the Second (With the title of)




The recovery by Egypt of the Sudan, after its secession under Mahdist rebels in the 1880s, did not by any means mark the end of conflict in that province, which remained restless under an Egyptian control seen merely as a puppet for British imperialism. In fact combat was more or less endemic from 1896 to 1908 and beyond, and in 1897 the Egyptian Army obtained from the Khedive a new medal to be awarded for service in these campaigns. When finally replaced it had been issued with fifteen different bars, and without any bar for the earliest engagements that it covered.
The two crucial engagements of the war are marked by the bars awarded with this medal. The first was the Battle of the Atbara on 8 April 1898, in which Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Taashi, the successor of the so-called Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad ibn al-Sayyid, was defeated by a British firepower that now included the new Maxim machine gun. Next, at the Battle of Omdurman on 2 September 1898, despite being outnumbered two-to-one by al-Taashi's forces, the Mahdists sustained casulaties totalling nearly half their force at the hands of the artillery, machine-guns and trained soldiery of the British and Egyptians, who lost not even fifty men killed and took total casualties of less than 500. For this battle the bar for Khartoum was awarded, and after it the Mahdist revolt, deprived of its capital, was effectively defeated. Al-Taashi was finally killed at the Battle of Umm Diwaykarat on 24 November 1899 and thereafter the province was officially considered reconquered, although extensive peace-keeping operations were still required.
This medal was awarded to Private F. Mackay of the 1st Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders. Lester Watson acquired it at some point before 1928.


History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, acquired before 1928

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 38.7 mm
Weight: 53.61 g

Place(s) associated

  • London

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester


Production date: AD 1897

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production


References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1443-2009
Primary reference Number: 141537
Watson Catalogue: 363
Ordering: M-0326
Previous object number: LW.0326
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 15 January 2024 Last processed: Monday 15 January 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Khedive's Sudan Medal, 1896-1908" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-06-21 02:23:56

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