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Crimean War Medal: CM.1506-2009

An image of Crimean War Medal

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Object information

Maker(s)

London (Mint)
Victoria (1837-1901) (Ruler)
Wyon, William (Artist)
With the title of Victoria regina (Ruler)

Description

Rivalry between Britain and Russia over India, and between Russia and France over the protection of Christians under Ottoman rule, led in the 1850s to a focus of diplomatic attention on the ailing Ottoman Empire. British diplomatic successes led to a Russian attempt to annexe the Danubian principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia from the Ottomans, as well as the Russian destruction of the Ottoman Black Sea fleet when Turkey went to war in retaliation. Britain and France moved in support of the Ottomans and although the Danubian provinces were returned the allies' conditions for peace far exceeded this. The Russian refusal to meet these conditions led to full-scale international war in late 1854.
The war was mainly composed of allied attempts to reduce Russian fortresses on the Black Sea (and also on the Baltic, of which only the lengthy siege of Sevastopol was successful, but Russian attrition there and elsewhere was so heavy and the Russian ability to force withdrawal on the allies so inadequate that Tsar Nicholas I made peace in 1856.
This medal was issued for participation in the long siege of Sevastopol. It was awarded to Lieutenant Colonel Lawrence Fyler of the 12th Lancers, whose medal group has come entire into the Watson Collection and shows a career spent in India and the East fighting for the Crown from the 1830s to the 1850s.
This medal is attached to two others and the catalogue of the Watson Collection considers it as part of Group 8 (this comprising two assemblages and two loose medals). For provenance of the group see those entries.

Notes

History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection. bt Seaby 1929. Left to James Fyler (nephew) on recipient's death 1873.

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 36.2 mm

Place(s) associated

  • London

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester

Dating

1854 - 1856

Materials used in production

Silver

Techniques used in production

Struck

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Bust of Victoria facing left

  • Text: VICTORIA REGINA / 1854
  • Location: Obverse
  • Type: Design

Inscription present: Roman warrior being wreathed by flying Victory

  • Location: Reverse
  • Type: Design

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1506-2009
Primary reference Number: 141604
Watson Catalogue: 74
Ordering: M-0393
Previous object number: LW.0366c2
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Saturday 22 January 2022 Last processed: Sunday 23 January 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Crimean War Medal" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141604 Accessed: 2022-07-06 03:11:10

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141604 |title=Crimean War Medal |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-07-06 03:11:10|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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