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Sutlej Campaign Medal (Aliwal): CM.1510-2009

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Object information

Maker(s)

London (Mint)
Victoria (1837-1901) (Ruler)
Wyon, William (Artist)

Description

In the early nineteenth century the Sikh Kingdom of the Punjab bordered the possessions of the British East India Company, and so a succession crisis from 1839 onwards that caused persistent mutinies among the Sikh soldiery caused the Company to build up its forces on the border at Ferozepur. Diplomatic relations rapidly deteriorated and on 11 December 1845 the Sikh army crossed the Sutlej River in a pre-emptive attack on the British. Initially the British feared imminent defeat, as they were outnumbered and undersupplied, but the Sikhs did not press home their advantage before the British managed to reinforce their position, whereafter they drove the Sikhs back in a series of decisive battles. The subsequent treaty of Lahore, of 22 February 1846, forced the Sikh Kingdom to surrender Kashmir to the East India Company and established a British resident in Lahore; it also resulted in the gift of the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond to Queen Victoria. Sikh resentment of the British intrusion resulted in a new outbreak of war in 1847.
In April 1846 the East India Company instituted a medal for participation in the war of 1845-1846. Four issues were made, differing in the name of the battle inscribed in the reverse exergue; the recipient was given that whose inscription was the first of those in which he had fought. Bars were issued for his battle honours subsequent to this. This medal was awarded to Captain Lawrence Fyler of the 16th Lancers, whose medal group has come entire into the Watson Collection and shows a career spent in India and the East fighting for the Crown from the 1830s to the 1850s. This medal recognises his participation in perhaps the clearest victory of the war, the Battle of Aliwal in which a Sikh bridgehead across the Sutlej River was eliminated by a British division, owing not least to the cavalry charge that Captain Fyler himself led.
The Collection includes with this item a plaque which records the circumstances of the award as follows: "`It is with great pleasure that I take this opportunity of stating to you officially that your squadron, commanded and led by you, made a most brilliant charge, breaking through a large body of the enemy's elite infantry, completely disorganising and routing them.' Brig'r McDonald. C. B. Commanding 1st Cav. Bde. at Aliwal. Capt. (afterwards Genl.) Tyler [sic] was severely wounded at this battle."
This medal is attached to two others and the catalogue of the Watson Collection considers it as part of Group 8 (this comprising two assemblages and two loose medals). For provenance of the group see those entries.

Notes

History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection. bt Seaby 1929. Left to James Fyler (nephew) on recipient's death 1873.

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 36.4 mm

Place(s) associated

  • London

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester

Dating

Production date: AD 1846

Materials used in production

Silver

Techniques used in production

Struck

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Bust of Victoria facing left

  • Text: VICTORIA REGINA
  • Location: Obverse
  • Type: Design

Inscription present: Victory standing facing left holding wreath with war spoils at feet; exergue bears inscription "ALIWAL / 1846"

  • Location: Reverse
  • Type: Design

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1510-2009
Primary reference Number: 141609
Watson Catalogue: 367
Ordering: M-0398
Previous object number: LW.0366d3
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Saturday 22 January 2022 Last processed: Sunday 23 January 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Sutlej Campaign Medal (Aliwal)" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141609 Accessed: 2022-06-25 21:14:13

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141609 |title=Sutlej Campaign Medal (Aliwal) |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-06-25 21:14:13|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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