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Indian General Service Medal (1854-95): CM.1513-2009

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Object information

Maker(s)

London (Mint)
Victoria (1837-1901) (Ruler)
Wyon, Leonard Charles (Artist)
With the title of Victoria regina (Ruler)
Calcutta (Mint)

Description

The Army of India Medal's issue in 1849 having marked the previous half-century's combats in the region, further conflicts in the 1850s led in 1854 to the design and issue of a General Service Medal for the theatre, for which bars would be issued as each new campaign merited.
The first campaign for which this medal was awarded was the renewal of conflict between British India and the Burmese kingdom of Ava, after points of dispute over the Treaty of Yandaboo that had ended the First Anglo-Burmese War flared into open conflict, despite Burmese efforts at conciliation. A rapid naval campaign ensued and British forces annexed the Burmese province of Pegu, which became British Lower Burma. King Pagin Min of Ava, who did not recognise the annexation, was nonetheless powerless to prevent it, and this led to his deposition and replacement by his half-brother Mindon Min.
This medal was awarded to Brigadier George Warren who commanded the 1st Bengal Brigade; the medal's award to him has been verified. Brigadier Warren's medal group has come as one into the Watson Collection and the Catalogue considers them as Group 9, but as the pieces are not physically attached they are treated separately here. Lester Watson purchased them as a group from the London dealers Baldwin in 1931.

Notes

History note: Gift of L. Hoyt Watson; ex Lester Watson Collection, bt Baldwin 1931

Legal notes

Given by Lester Watson through Cambridge in America, 2009

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 36.2 mm
Weight: 46.32 g

Place(s) associated

  • Calcutta

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (2009) by Watson, Lester

Dating

1854 - 1895

Materials used in production

Silver

Techniques used in production

Struck

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Bust of Victoria facing left

  • Text: VICTORIA REGINA
  • Location: Obverse
  • Type: Design

Inscription present: Victory crowning seated Classical warrior with laurel wreath

  • Location: Reverse
  • Type: Design

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.1513-2009
Primary reference Number: 141612
Watson Catalogue: 155
Ordering: M-0401
Previous object number: LW.0367c
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Saturday 22 January 2022 Last processed: Sunday 23 January 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Indian General Service Medal (1854-95)" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141612 Accessed: 2022-06-25 22:02:20

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/141612 |title=Indian General Service Medal (1854-95) |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-06-25 22:02:20|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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