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Tile with ‘Clyde’ daisy design (1): EC.8-1941

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Object information

Titles

Tile with ‘Clyde’ daisy design (1)

Maker(s)

William De Morgan & Co. (Maker)
De Morgan, William Frend (Designer)

Description

Square, buff, earthenware tile, covered in cream slip, decorated with transfer pattern in black, purple-brown, yellow and shades of green, and glazed. An all-over naturalistic pattern of green leaves, with a diagonal leading stem and four yellow petal, purple-brown centre, daisies. Two of the daisies are shown from the side, with petals bent back. The design is outlined in black. The tile is thick and the earthenware coarse; the glaze is crackled; the back and sides are unglazed.

Notes

History note: Given by Mr H.C.Mossop, 1941

Legal notes

Given by H.C. Mossop

Measurements and weight

Height: 20.3 cm
Height: 8 in
Width: 20.1 cm
Width: 8 in

Relative size of this object

20.1 cm8 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Merton Abbey ⪼ London ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1941-03-26) by Mossop, H. C.

Dating

Late 19th Century
Circa 1882 CE - 1888 CE

Note

This tile dates from 1882-88, when De Morgan’s workshop was at Merton Abbey, next door to Morris’s factory. The coarse earthenware and rough sides indicate that the tile was intended for a fireplace or other architectural use. The flowing naturalism suggests it is an early design, perhaps influenced by Morris’s work; De Morgan’s later tile designs were more stylised and symmetrical. He made many, many designs for tiles and tile panels – some 820, including this one, are in the V&A collection – and transferred them using his own innovative transfer method which allowed repeats to be made whilst preserving a ‘hand-made’ quality.

William Frend De Morgan (1839-1917), now widely regarded as the most important ceramicist of the Arts & Crafts movement, also worked in stained glass and became a successful novelist. The son of a non-conformist mathematics professor, he became a close friend of William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones and married the Pre-Raphaelite painter Evelyn Pickering (1855-1919), in 1887. As a ceramicist, De Morgan was primarily a designer/decorator and chemist, working on bought-in blanks or pots thrown to his design. He experimented widely with techniques and glazes, re-discovering methods for making and applying lustres and the colours of Iznik and Persian pottery and using them for a range of complex fantasy designs featuring ships, birds, flora and animals.

School or Style

Arts and Crafts (movement)

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of clear glaze ( crackled) transfer

Materials used in production

buff-coloured Earthenware

Techniques used in production

Slip-coating : Earthenware, slip coated, trace-transfered and glazed
Glazing (coating)

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: large, square, one ‘M’ serving both parts, and a drawing of an abbey church.

  • Text: W D M MERTON ABBEY
  • Location: On reverse
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Type: Mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: EC.8-1941
Primary reference Number: 15328
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Wednesday 24 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Tile with ‘Clyde’ daisy design (1)" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/15328 Accessed: 2022-07-06 05:04:58

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/15328 |title=Tile with ‘Clyde’ daisy design (1) |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-07-06 05:04:58|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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