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The Deposition: MAR.M.250-1912

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Titles

The Deposition

Maker(s)

Maker: Penicaud, Nardon (Probably)
Maker: Pénicaud, Jean I (Perhaps)

Entities

Categories

Description

Copper decorated with polychrome enamels and jewelling over silver (?) foil, and gilded. Gilt-metal frame

Thick, narrow rectangular copper plaque, enamelled in dark blue, turquoise, green, yellow, flesh pink, red, mulberry, pale brown, black, grey, and white, and gilded.A very thin wash of red produces flesh pink.The jewels and flower centres are foiled in silver (?).The reverse has dark brown counter- enamel.
Joseph of Aramathea stands on a ladder with his right arm over the tau Cross and round the body of Christ which he lowers into the arms of Nicodemus who stands on the right. On the left of the Cross, the Virgin Mary has sunk to her knees, and holds her hands together in prayer. Mary Magdalene (?) kneels beside her with her right arm around her shoulders. A skull and a bone lie at the foot of the Cross. The foreground on each side is scattered with jewelled flowers, and the sky is scattered with stars.
Joseph of Aramathea is balding and bearded. He wears a short mulberry gown over a garment with long yellow sleeves, and blue boots. Christ wears a crown of thorns and a white loin cloth. His white body is tinged with pink and blood trickles from his brow, hands, side, and feet. Nicodemus has a short beard, and a yellow hat with a jewel on its upturned brim. He wears a dark blue and mulberry tunic with jewelling round the neckline, green tights and brown boots with jewelled tops. The Virgin wears a dark blue mantle over a white wimple and mulberry dress. Mary Magdalene has a turquoise jewelled cap over her pale brown hair. She wears a dark blue cloak over a mulberry dress. The skull and bone are white and grey, and the flowers have white dotted petals around yellow and blue foiled centres.
The rectangular gilt-metal frame, has two applied twisted stems with leaf terminals at the top and bottom and five on each the side.

Notes

History note: Uncertain before testator

Legal notes

C.B. Marlay Bequest

Place(s) associated

  • Limoges ⪼ Haute Vienne ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1912) by Marlay, Charles Brinsley

Dating

First quarter of 16th century
Circa 1520 CE - 1525 CE

Note

Limoges plaques of the Deposition were often paired with Christ carrying the Cross as wings of triptychs with the Crucifixion in the centre. Plaques with closely comparable iconography form the right wing of triptychs in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, the Musée du Louvre, Paris, and the Frick Collection, New York. All three triptychs have been attributed to the Penicaud workshop, usually to Nardon, or to a collaboration between Nardon and Jean I Penicaud, but Baratte (2000) preferred to attribute the Louvre’s example to Jean I Penicaud and to date it as late as 1530, rather than in the early 1520s. The Louvre’s plaque differs from the other two in having four bones instead of one, and in having the skull on the right of the base of the Cross instead of on the left. The central panel of the Walters' and Louvre’s triptychs was derived from a woodcut illustration to a book of hours printed in Paris in 1505, and re-used in Antwerp in 1525, which explains the discepancy beween the style of the costume and the suggested date range. This Deposition also occurs in reverse on the left wing of a triptych attributed to Nardon Pénicaud in the Museum des Arts décoratifs, Hôtel Lallemant at Bourges

The role of Joseph of Arimathea in the removal of Christ’s body from the Cross and its subsequent burial is described in all the Gospels, but it is only in St John (20.38-40) that Nicodemus is mentioned as his helper.

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamel ( dark blue, turquoise, green, yellow, flesh pink, red, mulberry, pale brown, black, grey, and white) silver foil ( probably silver) gilding
Plaque composed of copper
Frame Height 29 cm Width 12 cm

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: MAR.M.250-1912
Primary reference Number: 156445
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 11 August 2016 Last processed: Friday 21 May 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "The Deposition" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/156445 Accessed: 2022-12-02 03:16:51

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/156445 |title=The Deposition |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-12-02 03:16:51|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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