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Collar: M.1.1B-1936

Object information

Awaiting location update

Maker(s)

Production: Unknown

Entities

Categories

Description

Collar for field use, decorated with fluting in the 'Maximilian' fashion. Formed of four upward overlapping lames front and rear. The top lame in each instance has a prominent, plain, angular, inward turn at its upper edge. The bottom lame in each instance is considerably deeper than the rest and has a slightly convex lower edge with rounded corners. The lames are connected to one another by three modern internal leathers front and rear. The outer leathers are connected to each lame by pairs of rivets, and the central leathers by single rivets except on the lowest rear lame where the central leather is attached by a pair of rivets. The rivets are externally-flush throughout, except on the lowest lame in each instance where they are round-headed with octagonal, internal washers Decorative round-headed rivets occupy construction-holes in the second to fourth lames, aligning with the outer of the underlying pairs of rivet-holes for the outer connecting-leathers. Later holes at the centre of the second to fourth rear lames aligning with the underlying rivet-holes for the central connecting-leather have been plugged with externally-flush rivets These holes must at one time have served to rigidly secure the lames to one another. The lowest rear lame is pierced at the centre of its lower edge with a pair of lace-holes. The front and rear sections of the collar are connected to one another at the left side by a hinge with short rounded ends secured within the top lames by a single externally-flush rivet front and rear. The front and rear sections are fastened to one another at the right side by a pair of vertically-aligned, plain, circular studs on the top rear lame engaging a pair of circular holes in the corresponding front lame. The lower stud is now missing. The front and rear sections of the collar are further fastened to one another at the right side by a mushroom-shaped stud riveted at the bottom of the front edge of the lowest rear lame engaging a keyhole-slot in the rear edge of the corresponding front lame. The front and rear sections of the collar are now rigidly secured to one another at the left side of the lowest lames by a round-headed rivet with an octagonal, internal washer. They would originally have been fastened there by a stud or turning-pin and a keyhole-slot. Attached by a single, round-headed rivet with an octagonal internal washer to either side of the lowest rear lame, on the top of the shoulder, is a modern hinged stud with a sprung lug, to engage a hole in the top of the shoulder-defence. The hinges have rounded ends. Beneath each hinge is a vacant hole which may have served to attach an earlier hinged stud. A later hole pierced just to the rear of each hinge, beneath the lowest of the outer pair of leathering-rivets, is plugged with an externally-flush rivet. A single later hole at the lower right corner, and a pair of later holes at the lower left corner of the lowest front lame have been plugged with externally-flush rivets. The lower left corner of the lowest front lame is broken away. The upper edge of the lowest front lame is cracked at either end. The lower edge of the lowest rear lame is cracked a little to the right of centre. The front and rear of the collar are each decorated, except on the first lame, with fifteen flutes, emphasised by pairs of incised lines and diverging slightly downwards and outwards. Part of a composite armour, M.1.1A-H-1936

Notes

History note: Stated in the manuscript catalogues of the Stead Collection to have come from a Dresden collection. Mrs E.W. Stead and Mr Gilbert Stead of Dalston Hall, Cumberland

Legal notes

Given by Mrs E.W. Stead and Mr Gilbert Stead

Measurements and weight

Depth: 19.5 cm
Height: 18.9 cm
Weight: 1.09 kg
Width: 29.8 cm

Relative size of this object

29.8 cm18.9 cm19.5 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1936-01-15) by Stead, E. W. and Gilbert

Dating

Early 16th Century
Circa 1510 CE - 1520 CE

Note

The collar is bright with light to medium patination overall, most severe on the lowest rear lame.

The second to fourth lames of the front of the collar are associated. Their flutes are slightly narrower than those of the corresponding lames of the rear of the collar, and their outer ends have been trimmed. In addition, the first and second front lames fit each other poorly and show a misalignment in the rivets for their outer connecting-leathers.

Components of the work

Leathers composed of leather ( fragments)
Lining composed of canvas
Decoration
Parts

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammering : Steel, formed of four upward overlapping lames front and rear, hammered, shaped, polished, rivetted and decorated with incised lines and fluting in the Maximilian fashion
Patinating
Forming
Polishing

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.1.1B-1936
Primary reference Number: 17680
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 11 January 2016 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Collar" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/17680 Accessed: 2022-12-10 09:38:16

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/17680 |title=Collar |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-12-10 09:38:16|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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