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Gauntlet: HEN.M.12I-1933

Object information

Awaiting location update

Maker(s)

Unknown

Entities

Categories

Description

Gauntlet for the right hand. Of finger form, for field use, with partly later etched decoration, composed of elements of a similar period and fashion. Formed of a fairly long, flared cuff, three metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate and the main plate of a thumb-defence. The cuff is formed of a single plate with an overlapped and riveted join at the inside of the wrist. It is medially-ridged and obtusely pointed at the outside, and cut away in concave curves at both its upper and lower edges at the inside. The upper edge of the cuff has a plain inward turn, now largely broken away at the inside of the wrist. The upper edge of the outside of the cuff is pierced with a modern wiring-hole, and shows several large, splits, cracks and losses. The inside of the cuff, which has lost its upper and lower edges and shows numerous small holes, is fitted with a large, riveted, internal patch possessing a plain, outward turn at its upper edge. A line of three modern round-headed rivets for the attachment of a lining-glove run across the upper end of the outside of the cuff. The central one is fitted with a square, internal washer. Two more rivets originally completed the line of rivets around the inside of the cuff. The hole for one of them is now vacant, while that for the other is now occupied by one of the externally-flush rivets that secures the internal patch. The lower edge of the outside of the cuff is overlapped by a series of three upward-overlapping metacarpal-plates, the last of which is itself overlapped by a knuckle-plate. The lower end of the knuckle-plate is shaped between the fingers. The cuff, the metacarpal-plates and the knuckle-plate are connected to one another by modern round-headed rivets with square, polygonal or circular internal washers. Vacant rivet-holes at the lower edge of the cuff, just below and to the inside of each of its present articulating-rivets, represent former articulation-points. The knuckle-plate is fitted at the point of each knuckle with a modern round-headed rivet for the attachment of the missing finger-scales. The rivets are fitted with circular internal washers that retain fragments of the leathers of the finger-scales. Attached by a modern buff-leather hinge to the front edge of the gauntlet is the main plate of a modern thumb-defence. The hinge is secured to the gauntlet by the same rivet that connects the third metacarpal-plate to the knuckle-plate. The hinge is secure to the rear of the main plate of the thumb-defence by a round-headed rivet with a circular internal washer. The main plate is of lozenge shape, with a truncated lower edge where it is fitted with a pair of round-headed rivets with circular internal washers that retain the remains of a leather for the missing thumb-scales. The main plate is medially-ridged from the point of the knuckle to its upper end. A transverse step runs from the point of the knuckle to the rear edge of the main plate.
The cuff is etched with three vertical bands of trophies, herms and fantastic animals on a stippled and blackened ground, repeated in a narrower band around the upper edge of the cuff. The vertical bands are bordered to either side by three narrower bands of which the central one is decorated with guilloche, and the outer ones are plain. The band around the cuff is bordered to the top by a single narrower band which is plain, and to the bottom by three narrower bands of which the central one is roped, and the outer ones are plain. The decoration of the cuff is modern. The metacarpal-plates are etched with a medial band of now indistinct ornament, bordered to either side by three narrower bands of which the central one is decorated with roping, and the outer ones are plain. The upper edges of the metacarpal-plates and the knuckle-plate are each bordered by four narrow bands of which the first is decorated with roping, the third is decorated with a continuous series of circular pellets, and the second and fourth are plain. The knuckle-plate is decorated at its lower end with four roped vertical bands, each of which is bordered to either side by two narrower, plain bands. The bands issue from the points of the knuckles. The main plate of the thumb-defence is etched medially with a band of guilloche, bordered to either side by single, narrower, plain bands. The metacarpal-plates and the knuckle plate have been associated with the cuff in modern times. Part of the composite half armour HEN.M.12A-J-1933

Notes

History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 13.7 cm
Height: 24.0 cm
Weight: 0.28 kg
Width: 13.0 cm

Relative size of this object

13 cm24 cm13.7 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart

Dating

Late 16th Century
Early 17th Century
Circa 1590 - Production date: circa AD 1620 : gauntlet about 1620; the metacarpal and knuckle-plates about 1590

Note

North Italian

The gauntlet is bright with a patchy medium patination on the cuff and the thumb-defence, and heavy pitting and patination on the metacarpal-plates and the knuckle-plate.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Hinge composed of leather ( modern)
Internal Washers composed of leather ( traces of the leathers of the finger-scales and thumb-scales)
Cuff
Decoration
Main Plate
Parts
Thumb-defence

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed of a fairly long, flared cuff, three metacarpal-plates, a knuckle-plate and the main plate of a thumb-defence; hammered, shaped, riveted, hinged thumb-defence, with etched decoration partly added in modern times
Patinating
Forming

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.12I-1933
Primary reference Number: 17856
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Friday 8 January 2016 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Gauntlet" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/17856 Accessed: 2022-10-06 21:53:01

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/17856 |title=Gauntlet |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-10-06 21:53:01|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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