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Pauldrons: HEN.M.16E-1933

Object information

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A pair of pauldrons, for cavalry use, extending down to the elbows. Each formed of twelve lames that overlap outwards from the fifth which is slightly shaped to the point of the shoulder. The first to fifth lames expand inwards over the chest and the back. The fifth lame is expanded downwards to the level of the bottom of the seventh lame at the front, and the eighth lame at the rear. The expanded portions are flanged at their outer ends where they overlap the lames beneath them which only extend to the inside of the arm. The lower edge of the twelfth lame, which is longer than the rest, is cut away in a curve at the front to clear the inside of the elbow. The first to fifth lames are connected to one another by round-headed rivets at their rear ends, and by internal leathers at their front ends and centres. The fifth to twelfth lames are connected to one another by three internal leathers. Attached by a single rivet at the apex of the first lame is a modern external, double-ended, tongued, iron buckle, and modern internal strap that served to suspend the pauldron from the collar. A single-ended, tongued, iron buckle riveted within the front edge of the twelfth lame, and a strap riveted within the rear edge of the same lame, served to secure the pauldron around the arm. Riveted within the main edges of each pauldron are the remains of leather lining-bands and crimson velvet piccadils. The main edges of the pauldron have file-roped inward turns. The subsidiary edges are filed with V-shaped nicks and low rounded cusps. The front and rear of the fifth lame, and the rear of the twelfth lame of each pauldron are decorated with groups of eleven round-headed rivets in rosette formation. Part of the composite half armour HEN.M.16A-F-1933.


History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex.

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart


17th Century, Early#
Production date: circa AD 1620


The pauldrons are bright with a medium to moderately heavy patination overall.

Components of the work

Piccadils composed of velvet ( crimson)
Buckles composed of iron (metal) ( some modern)
Internal Leathers composed of leather
Lining-bands composed of leather
Right Pauldron Depth 26.0 cm Height 45.5 cm Weight 1.64 kg Width 34.0 cm
Left Pauldron Depth 26.0 cm Height 46.2 cm Weight 1.7 kg Width 35.0 cm

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Hammering : Each formed of twelve lames that overlap outwards from the fifth which is slightly to the point of the shoulder; hammered, shaped, riveted, with file-roping and filed V-shaped nicks and low rounded cusps decoration

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.16E-1933
Primary reference Number: 17983
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Friday 8 January 2016 Last processed: Thursday 7 December 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Pauldrons" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-04-19 14:28:31

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{{cite web|url= |title=Pauldrons |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-04-19 14:28:31|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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