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Pauldrons: HEN.M.19F-1933

Object information

Awaiting location update

Maker(s)

Production: Unknown

Entities

Categories

Description

Pair of pauldrons and vambraces, for use by a cuirassier. The pauldrons are each formed of ten lames that overlap outwards from the fifth. The first to fifth lames extend inwards over the chest and the back. The fifth lame is expanded downwards to the level of the bottom of the seventh lame at the front, and the bottom of the eighth lame at the rear. The expanded portions have rounded lower inner corners and are flanged outwards at their outer edges, where they overlap the lames beneath them which only extend to the inside of the arm. The first to fifth lames are connected to one another by modern round-headed rivets with square internal washers at their rear ends and by modern internal leathers at their front ends and centres. The fifth to tenth lames are connected to one another and the turners beneath by three internal leathers. These are secured to each lame by a single lame, although the original leathers were secured by pairs of rivets. The apex of the first lame is pierced with a large rectangular hole above a single-ended, tongued, iron buckle with a roller, that served to suspend the pauldron from a strap that issued from each side of a collar.
The vambraces are each formed of a tubular turner, a tubular upper cannon, a winged bracelet couter of five lames and a tubular lower cannon. The turner is closed by a riveted overlap at the rear. Its lower edge is bordered by a raised rib, the hollowed underside of which locks over and rotates on the outward-flanged upper edge of the upper cannon. The upper cannon is closed by a riveted overlap at the rear. Its lower edge is cut away in a concave curve at the inside of the elbow. The couter is formed of five lames that overlap outwards from the third, which completely encircles the arm and is closed at the rear by a riveted overlap. The third lame is shaped to the point of the elbow and expands to a large wing at both the front and the rear. The lames are connected to one another and to the upper and lower cannons by modern round-headed rivets with square internal washers. The tapering lower cannon is formed of an inner and an outer plate: the former fitting within the latter. The inner and the outer plates are connected to one another at the rear by an internal hinge secured at either end by a pair of modern round-headed rivets, and fastened at the front by a plain circular stud that is riveted to the inner plate and engages a hole in the outer plate. The upper end of the inner plate is cut away in a concave curve to clear the inside of the elbow. Each of the outer plates is pierced at its lower front corner with a later wiring-hole for the attachment of gauntlets.
The main edges of the pauldrons and vambraces have plain inward turns bordered by pairs of incised lines. Pairs of incised lines also border the secondary edges of the pauldrons and vambraces. The secondary edges of the pauldrons and the couters rise to low rounded cusps medially. Part of the composite three-quarter armour HEN.M.19A-G-1933

Notes

History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex.

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart

Dating

Early 17th Century
Circa 1620 CE - 1630 CE

Note

The pauldrons and vambraces show some cracks, buckles, repairs and disarticulation, as well as vacant rivet-holes resulting from earlier repairs.

The pauldrons are bright with a medium patination overall.

Components of the work

Internal Leathers composed of leather ( modern)
Buckles composed of iron (metal)
Right Depth 23.0 cm Height 76.5 cm Weight 2.94 kg Width 29.0 cm
Left Depth 23.0 cm Height 77.0 cm Weight 3.0 kg Width 30.0 cm
Decoration
Lower Cannon
Parts
Turner

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammering : The pauldrons are each formed of ten lames that overlap outwards from the fifth, the vambraces are each formed of a tubular turner with raised rib, a tubular upper cannon, a winged bracelet couter of five lames and a tubular, hinged lower cannon; hammered, shaped, riveted, decorated with incised lines
Patinating
Forming

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.19F-1933
Primary reference Number: 18036
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Friday 8 January 2016 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Pauldrons" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18036 Accessed: 2022-10-06 17:25:31

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18036 |title=Pauldrons |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-10-06 17:25:31|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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