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Cuisses: M.13G-1941

Object information

Awaiting location update

Maker(s)

Production: Unknown (Possibly)

Entities

Categories

Description

Two cuisses and poleyns almost forming a pair, for infantry or light cavalry wear without greaves. Each formed of a short, gutter-shaped cuisse and a winged poleyn of six lames of which the last extends downwards to form a short shin-defence. The cuisse is boxed in three vertical panels separated by a medial and a lateral ridge. Its upper edge is slightly convex with a plain, partial inward turn accompanied by a recessed border pierced, originally, with six-holes for lining-rivets of which the inner one on the left cuisse is now obscured by a welded repair. Three of the holes of the left cuisse, and four of the right are occupied by externally-flush rivets, of which the outer one on the right cuisse is replaced. A later pair of holes at the inner end of the border of the left cuisse have been closed with welding. The outer edge of each cuisse curves inwards to a rounded corner at its lower end. Attached within the upper end of the inner edge of each cuisse by a modern, round-headed rivet with a circular, internal washer is a modern, buff leather strap that passes around the back of the thigh to engage a single-ended buckle with a bevelled trapezoidal loop and rounded hasp that is secured by an externally-flush rivet at the upper end of the outer edge. The rivet on the left cuisse is replaced. Attached to the lower edge of each cuisse is a medially-ridged poleyn of six lames which overlap outwards from the third. The lames are connected to one another and to the cuisses at their outer ends by modern, externally-flush rivets. The edges of the first to fifth lames are cusped at their centres and at the articulation-points at each side. The third and main lame is shaped to the point of the knee, and has an oval, centrally-puckered wing, obtusely-pointed at the rear in the case of the left poleyn. The edge of the wing in both cases has a plain, partial inward turn accompanied by a recessed border except at the pucker. The point of the knee is decorated with a vertical, elongated, almond-shaped boss, decorated at its apex with file-roping in the case of the right poleyn. A similar, unroped, horizontal boss decorates the side of each poleyn just in front of the pucker of the wing. Attached within the wing, just to the front of this boss, by a modern, round-headed rivet with a circular, internal washer is a modern, buff-leather strap that terminates in a single-ended, tongued buckle with an oval loop on the left poleyn, a trapezoidal loop on the right poleyn, and rounded hasps on both. Each buckle engages a modern strap that passes around the rear of the knee and is attached by a modern, flat-headed rivet decorated with punched, radiating designs to the inner end of the main plate of the poleyn. The strap of the right poleyn is of buff leather, and that of the left poleyn, of polished leather. The gutter-shaped sixth lame of each poleyn forms a short shin-defence. Its inner, lower corner is cut away in a concave curve and decorated at the resultant edge with a plain, partial inward turn accompanied by a recessed border. The turn on the right poleyn is decorated with file-roping. Attached by an externally-flush rivet at the lower end of the outer edge of the shin-defence is a single-ended, tongued buckle with a trapezoidal loop and a rounded hasp that engages a modern buff-leather strap that passes around the rear of the calf and is attached within the lower end of the inner edge of the shin-defence by a modern round-headed rivet with a circular, internal washer. The centre of the lower edge of the right shin-defence is repaired with a welded patch. Part of the composite Spanish armour M.13A-K-1941.

Notes

History note: From the collection of Dr Bashford Dean, Riverdale, Long Island, New York. According to a manuscript note by F.H. Cripps-Day, dated December 1926, in his grangerised copy of G.F. Laking, A Record of European Armour and Arms, [section on jacks in volume titled 'mail'], now preserved in the library of the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, 'I exchanged [a jack] with Dean for a Gothic Spanish suit made up. I wanted a Gothic suit but parted with a rare piece'. The jack, from a house in Tonbridge, Kent, is now part of the Bashford Dean Memorial Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Mr Francis Henry Cripps-Day. Part of the composite Spanish armour M.13A-K-1941. Given by Mr F.H. Cripps-Day

Legal notes

Given by Mr F.H. Cripps-Day

Place(s) associated

  • Aragon ⪼ Spain

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1941-06) by Cripps-Day, Francis Henry

Dating

Early 16th Century
Production date: circa AD 1510

Note

Spanish, possibly Aragonese

The cuisses and poleyns are bright with light patination on the left one, and somewhat heavier patches of pitting on the right one.

Components of the work

Straps composed of leather ( modern)
Left Depth 14.5 cm Height 42.0 cm Weight 1.17 kg Width 17.3 cm
Right Depth 15.5 cm Height 44.5 cm Weight 1.18 kg Width 16.1 cm
Borders
Decoration
Parts
Poleyn Lames

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Each formed of a short, gutter-shaped cuisse and a winged poleyn of six medially-ridged lames of which the last extends downwards to form a short shin-defence; hammered, shaped, riveted, decorated with recessed borders, bosses and file-roping
Patinating
Forming

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: maker's mark consisting of a cross moline divided at its foot

  • Location: Top of right cuisse
  • Method of creation: Struck just to the right of the centre
  • Type: Mark
  • Text: 11(?)68
  • Location: Inside of right cuisse
  • Method of creation: Painted in white
  • Type: Number

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.13G-1941
Primary reference Number: 18209
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 11 August 2016 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2023) "Cuisses" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18209 Accessed: 2023-02-04 10:24:35

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18209 |title=Cuisses |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2023-02-04 10:24:35|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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