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Spanish morion: HEN.M.44-1933

Object information

Awaiting location update

Maker(s)

Unknown

Description

'Spanish' morion, for infantry use, with etched decoration. Formed in one piece with an almond-shaped crown that is boxed at each side and rises to a prominent, slightly backward-directed point at its apex; and a narrow integral brim that is turned down slightly all round, and projects as a point at the front and rear. The edge of the brim has a file-roped, inward turn accompanied by a recessed border containing twenty-one modern, round-headed rivets. A twenty-second rivet is missing towards the rear of the left side where the border has broken through. The rivets at the front and rear points are fitted with circular, internal washers. The apex of the skull is pierced with three later holes, perhaps for the attachment of an applied ornament. A fourth hole at the front right has been obscured by a welded repair. Welded repairs are also in evidence at several other points within the crown of the skull. The base of the crown is repaired towards the front of the left side with a riveted internal patch. The base of the crown is encircled by eighteen modern lining-rivets of which eleven are fitted with circular or octagonal internal washers. The heads of the rivets are of prominent pyramidal form, changing from a square section proximally to an octagonal section distally. The two sections are separated by filed notches.
The crown of the helmet is etched with four vertical bands of ornament that radiate from its apex. The ornament consists of trophies on a stippled and blackened ground. Each band is enclosed to either side by four narrow, plain bands. The panels between the bands are decorated with circular cartouches bordered by two narrow, plain bands. The cartouches are decorated with classical busts on a stippled and blackened ground. The base of the skull is decorated with a narrow band of guilloche. The brim is decorated with trophies en suite with those on the crown, except in its recessed border which is decorated with running stylised foliage.

Notes

History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex.

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 37.2 cm
Height: 29.2 cm
Weight: 2.23 kg
Width: 25.2 cm

Relative size of this object

25.2 cm29.2 cm37.2 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart

Dating

Late 16th Century
Circa 1580 - 1590

Note

North Italian

The helmet is bright with heavy pitting, patination and wear throughout.

Components of the work

Borders Decoration Ground Parts

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed in one piece with an almond-shaped crown that is boxed at each side and rises to a prominent, slightly backward-directed point at its apex; and a narrow integral brim that is turned down slightly all round, and projects as a point at the front and rear; hammered, shaped, riveted, with recessed borders, file notches, with etched and file-roped decoration on a blackened ground
Patinating Forming

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.44-1933
Primary reference Number: 18313
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Friday 13 January 2012 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Spanish morion" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18313 Accessed: 2022-08-16 22:42:41

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18313 |title=Spanish morion |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-16 22:42:41|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

API call for this record

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https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/api/v1/objects/object-18313

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