Skip to main content

Close helmet: HEN.M.75-1933

An image of Close helmet

Terms of use

These images are provided for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons License (BY-NC-ND). To license a high resolution version, please contact our image library who will discuss fees, terms and waivers.

Download this image

Creative commons explained - what it means, how you can use our's and other people's content.

Alternative views

Object information

Current Location: Gallery 31 (Armoury)

Maker(s)

Unknown (Probably)

Entities

Categories

Description

Close helmet, of 'Todenkopf' form, for siege use. Formed of a skull with an integral neck-defence and a peak, and an upper bevor and a bevor with an integral neck-defence attached to it by common pivots. The rounded skull is made in two halves joined medially along a riveted overlap that is formed as a low, broad rib. Its arched face opening projects downwards as a deep cusp at its centre. Its lower edge is flanged outwards to form a rounded integral neck-defence. The pivots that retain the peak, upper bevor and bevor take the form of sturdy rivets with large rounded heads. The peak is arched over each eye and plunges down to an acute point to the level of the bottom of the nose. The medially-ridged upper bevor has two large, semi-circular cut-outs at its upper edge, forming apertures for the eyes. It is pierced with a shallow, chevron-shaped ventilation slot over the mouth, and ten circular ventilation-holes over the nose. A sturdy mushroom-shaped lifting peg is riveted at the right of the mouth. The medially-ridged bevor has a deep U-shaped face-opening bordered by externally-flush lining-rivets. Its lower edge is flanged outwards to form an obtusely-pointed neck-defence which is incomplete at its outer corners. The main edges of the peak and the front and rear neck-defences have plain inward turns accompanied by recessed borders. The borders of the neck-defences contain externally-flush lining-rivets. The secondary edges of the helmet are bevelled.

Notes

History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex.

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 24 cm
Height: 25.3 cm
Weight: 4.02 kg
Width: 22 cm

Relative size of this object

22 cm25.3 cm24 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart

Dating

Early 17th Century
Production date: circa AD 1620 : painted decoration later

Note

The helmet has a 'black from the hammer' finish which has suffered extensive pitting and oxidation.

This unusual helmet, of the so-called ‘Todenkopf’ form with very distinctive cowls over the eyes, was highly popular in the early 16th century. It is extremely heavy, weighing some 4 kg – most helmets weigh in the region of 2 to 3 kg – indicating that it was made for use in a siege where extra protection was needed and weight was not an issue.

Components of the work

Bevor
Borders
Decoration
Parts
Upper Bevor

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed of a skull with an integral neck-defence and a peak, and a medially-ridged upper bevor and a bevor with an integral neck-defence attached to it by common pivots; hammered, shaped, riveted, with recessed borders and bevelled edges and pierced for ventilation holes and slots
Formed

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: Mappin Sale. Christies 21/7/25. Lot 140
  • Method of creation: Inscribed
  • Type: Label

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.75-1933
Primary reference Number: 18454
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 19 April 2021 Last processed: Tuesday 20 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Close helmet" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18454 Accessed: 2022-12-08 06:38:44

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18454 |title=Close helmet |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-12-08 06:38:44|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

API call for this record

To call these data via our API (remember this needs to be authenticated) you can use this code snippet:

https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/api/v1/objects/object-18454

Bootstrap HTML code for reuse

To use this as a simple code embed, copy this string:

<div class="text-center">
    <figure class="figure">
        <img src="https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/imagestore/aa/aa20/HEN_M_75_1933.jpg"
        alt="Close helmet"
        class="img-fluid" />
        <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Close helmet</figcaption>
    </figure>
</div>
    

Please enter your name as you would like to be addressed
Please enter your email address
The object accession number - this is prefilled
Please enter your query with as much detail as possible

More objects and works of art you might like

Helmet

Accession Number: GR.B.6

Helmet

Accession Number: GR.B.5

Helmet

Accession Number: O.10A-1904

Helmet

Accession Number: GR.1.1896

Suggested products from Curating Cambridge

You might be interested in this...

Sign up for updates

Updates about future exhibitions and displays, family activities, virtual events & news. You'll be the first to know...