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Breastplate (body armour): HEN.M.120-1933

Object information

Awaiting location update


Tyne, Ambrose (Probably)




Breastplater, for use by an harquebusier. Formed in one-piece with a narrow flange at the waist. It is medially-ridged and dips down to the centre of the waist. Its arm-openings and its narrow, upward-flanged neck-opening have plain inward turns. Riveted at each arm-opening is a mushroom-shaped stud to engage the shoulder-straps of a backplate. Later, flat, downward-projecting belt-hooks are riveted at each side of the waist. Each side of the neck-opening and each side of the waist-flange are pierced with modern wiring-holes. The breastplate is struck to the left of its centre with the proof-mark of a bullet.


History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex.

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 15.2 cm
Height: 40.7 cm
Weight: 3.63 kg
Width: 35.0 cm

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart


17th Century, Mid#
Production date: circa AD 1650


Ambrose Tyne appears in a list of apprentices of the Armourers' Company of London. His father was an edged-tool maker. He was admitted to the freedom of the Company by patrimony in 1644 and died in 1675 (information supplied by Claude Blair 1982).

English, probably by Ambrose Tyne of London

The breastplate is bright with a patchy heavy pitting and patination.

Components of the work


Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed in one-piece with a narrow flange at the waist; hammered, shaped, riveted, medially-ridged

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: proof-mark of a bullet

  • Location: To the left of centre
  • Method of creation: Struck
  • Type: Mark

Inscription present: maker's mark

  • Text: AT
  • Location: Centre of the neck-opening
  • Method of creation: Struck
  • Type: Mark

Inscription present: the cross of St. George within an ecsutcheon

  • Location: Near top of right arm-opening
  • Method of creation: Struck
  • Type: Mark

Inscription present: crowned IR cipher

  • Text: IR
  • Location: Just to left and below the centre of neck-opening
  • Method of creation: Struck
  • Type: Mark

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.120-1933
Primary reference Number: 18599
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 11 August 2015 Last processed: Thursday 7 December 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Breastplate (body armour)" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-07-18 19:38:40

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{{cite web|url= |title=Breastplate (body armour) |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-07-18 19:38:40|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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