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Collar: HEN.M.126-1933

An image of Collar

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Object information

Maker(s)

Unknown (Production)

Description

'Almain' collar, for light field use, lacking its integral spaudlers. Formed of three upward-overlapping lames front and rear. The front lames are medially ridged. The upper edges of the second and third front lames are each decorated at their centres with a filed ogee. The upper edge of the top lame at both the front and rear has a boldly roped inward turn. The bottom lame in each instance is considerably deeper than the rest. The lower edge has a roped inward turn accompanied by a recessed border and an enclosing raised rib. The lower edge of the front lame is obtusely pointed while the lower edge of the rear lame is almost straight. The lames were originally connected to one another by three lames front and rear. Each leather was retained by single rivets which were externally flush on the first and second lames and round-headed with internal washers on the third lame. Construction-holes aligning with the rivet-holes for the outer leathers of the second and third lames were originally filled with purely decorative round-headed rivets. These construction-holes and the underlying leathering-holes are now filled by modern round-headed rivets that secure the lames directly to one another at their outer ends. The unused outer leathering-holes on the fourth lame now remain vacant, as do all the central leathering-holes. The central hole in the first rear lame has been modified to a vertical slot which has broken out to the lower edge of the lame. A later hole located just to the right of the slot is plugged with an externally-flush rivet. The front and rear sections of the collar are connected to one another at the top of the left side by means of an integral hinge cut out of the ends of the first lames. The inward-folded ends of the hinge are each secured by an externally-flush rivet. That in the rear lame has lost its head. The pivot of the hinge has been replaced by a long piece of wire bent over the top edge of the collar. The front and rear sections of the collar are fastened to one another at the right side by means of a mushroom-shaped stud on the third rear lame engaging a keyhole-slot in the corresponding front lame, and a small plain stud riveted to the first rear lame engaging a circular hole in the corresponding front lame. The front and rear sections are now rigidly connected to one another at the left side by a modern round-headed rivet with an octagonal internal washer that occupies aligning construction-holes in the third lames front and rear. Construction-holes are also pierced at the lower outer corners of the third lames front and rear as well as at the centre of the lower edge of the latter. With the exception of those at the centre and right end of the rear lame, these are all now plugged by modern externally-flush rivets. The outer ends of the third rear lame are each pierced with a pair of vertically aligned rivet-holes at the bottom and a single rivet-hole at the top to retain, respectively, the ends of the rear and central internal connecting-leathers of the missing spaudlers. The ends of the front internal connecting-leathers of the spaudlers were attached to the third front lame of the collar, about half way up it, to either side of its centre. The leather of the left spaudler was retained by a rivet now represented only by a vacant-hole. The leather of the right spaudler was fitted with a metal terminal that engaged a horizontal, rectangular slot cut in the collar. The third rear lame of the collar is pierced with a later hole, now broken out and perhaps at one time serving to attach a pauldron.

Notes

History note: If this collar is correctly identified as No. 27 in the undated manuscript list of the Henderson collection, then its provenance, as stated there, is the armoury of the Princes Radziwill, Castle of Niecwiez, Poland, sold by Christies, London, 29 June 1926 and 14 June 1927. The condition of the collar is compatible with that provenance (c.f. HEN.M.1-1933). Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex.

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 23.2 cm
Height: 19.9 cm
Weight: 1.4 kg
Width: 30.5 cm

Relative size of this object

30.5 cm19.9 cm23.2 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart

Dating

Mid-16th Century
Production date: circa AD 1550

Note

South German

The collar has a 'black from the hammer' finish, now over cleaned to give a mottled appearance.

Components of the work

Borders Front And Rear Parts Rib

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed of three upward-overlapping lames front and rear; hammered, shaped, riveted, hinged, with recessed borders, raised ribs, and a 'black from the hammer' finish
Patinating Formed

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: 106
  • Location: Inside the lowest rear plate
  • Method of creation: Painted in large red figures
  • Type: Number

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.126-1933
Primary reference Number: 18607
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 9 September 2021 Last processed: Thursday 9 September 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Collar" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18607 Accessed: 2022-05-26 08:45:03

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18607 |title=Collar |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-05-26 08:45:03|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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                        <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Collar</figcaption>
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