Skip to main content

Pauldron: HEN.M.140-1933

Object information


Probably Unknown (Production)


Lower end of pauldron, for the left shoulder, for field use, decorated with etched borders. Formed of three upward-overlapping lames curved to the outside of the upper arm. The lames are connected to one another by sliding-rivets at the rear, and by internal leathers at the front and centre, secured to each lame by single externally-flush rivets. All the rivets and leathers are modern. The sliding-rivet that connects the first and second lames to one another has a large, round head and a circular, internal washer, while that which connects the second and third lames to one another has a smaller round head and no internal washer. The rivet that attaches the central leather to the first lame has pulled out of the latter. The outer leather is now attached to the first and third lames only, by rivets that occupy later holes pierced just to the inside of the original holes which have broken out to the upper edge on the second and third lames. Modern, decorative, round-headed rivets occupy construction holes in the first and second lames aligning with the underlying original rivet-holes for attaching the front leather. The fronts of the first and second lames are each pierced with a small, modern wiring-hole that must have served to connect the lames to one another when their connecting leathers broke. A pair of later holes pierced at the upper edge of the first lame, between the sliding rivets and the central leather, must also have served to effect a makeshift connection between that lame and the now missing one above it. The lower edge of the third lame is pierced with a rivet-hole beneath the sliding-rivets and beneath the front internal leather. These holes served to connect the pauldron to the turner of the upper cannon of the vambrace.
The lower edge of each lame is decorated with an etched band of alternating, stylised acanthus scrolls on a plain ground between pairs of close-set lines.


History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex.

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 9.0 cm
Height: 7.9 cm
Weight: 0.22 kg
Width: 13.2 cm

Relative size of this object

13.2 cm7.9 cm9 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Milan ⪼ Italy

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart


Early 16th Century
Production date: circa AD 1510


North Italian, probably Milanese

The lames are bright with a medium to heavy patination and some pitting. The etching is worn.

Components of the work

Internal Leathers composed of leather ( modern) Decoration Parts

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed of three upward-overlapping lames curved to the outside of the upper arm; hammered, shaped, riveted, with etched decoration on the lower edge of each lame

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.140-1933
Primary reference Number: 18626
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Friday 14 December 2012 Last processed: Sunday 21 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Pauldron" Web page available at: Accessed: 2022-07-02 22:23:57

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url= |title=Pauldron |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-07-02 22:23:57|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

Please enter your name as you would like to be addressed
Please enter your email address
The object accession number - this is prefilled
Please enter your query with as much detail as possible

Sign up for updates

Updates about future exhibitions and displays, family activities, virtual events & news. You'll be the first to know...