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Shaffron: HEN.M.157A-1933

Object information

Current Location: Gallery 31 (Armoury)

Maker(s)

Unknown (Possibly)

Entities

Categories

Description

Shaffron, for heavy cavalry use. Formed of a main plate, a pair of ear-defences and a plume-holder. The main plate is strongly shaped to the horse's face and narrows towards its rounded lower end which curves forward very slightly. Except at its upper and lower ends, and at the level of the eyes, it is decorated with a medial ridge and a pair of lateral ridges that give it a boxed form. The sides of the main plate have large semi-circular cut-outs for the eyes. The edges of the eye-openings are strongly flanged outwards. They and the edges of the lower half of the main plate have plain, inward turns. The upper corners of the main plate are cut away in concave curves where they are fitted with tall, medially-ridged ear-defences that narrow to rounded, upper ends. The ear-defences have flanged lower edges that fit over the main-plate and are in each case attached to it by four round-headed rivets. The edges of the ear-defences have plain, inward turns. Each ear-defence is fitted mid-way up each side with a round-headed rivet that would have served to retain a loop that passed around the rear of the horse's ear. From its workmanship and the artificial character of its pitted surface, the left ear-defence can be recognised as a modern restoration. Pairs of rivets, probably serving to retain either side-plates or straps, are located at the lateral edges of the main plate between the ear-defences and the eye-openings. All except the lower rivet at the right edge are fitted with small, circular, internal washers retaining fragments of leather straps. Single rivets, serving to retain straps, are located at the lateral edges of the main plate, mid-way down its lower half. The rivet at the right edge is once again fitted with a small, circular, internal washer retaining a fragment of a leather strap. A series of eleven round-headed lining-rivets with small, circular, internal washers runs down each side of the main plate just within its lateral ridges and the eye-openings. The second from top rivet on the left side is missing, and a total of seven of the remaining rivets lack their washers. Several of the rivets retain fragments of a leather lining-band beneath their washers. Attached by four later, round-headed rivets between the upper ends of the eye-openings is a large plume-holder of rectangular form with deep semi-circular cut-outs at each side, and concave cut-outs at each corner. It is embossed medially with a broad, rounded rib, the hollowed underside of which accommodated the base of the plume. Two pairs of holes pierced above the plume-holder, at the brow, probably served to lace up the plumes. The right side of the lower half of the main plate shows a conspicuous dent that appears to represent the proof-mark of a bullet.

Notes

History note: Mr James Stewart Henderson of 'Abbotsford', Downs Road, St Helen's Park, Hastings, Sussex

Legal notes

J.S. Henderson Bequest

Measurements and weight

Depth: 8.4 cm
Height: 54 cm
Weight: 1.25 kg
Width: 23.5 cm

Relative size of this object

23.5 cm54 cm8.4 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1933-03-16) by Henderson, James Stewart

Dating

Early 17th Century
Production date: circa AD 1610

Note

The shaffron is bright with a medium to heavy patination overall. Its surface is heavily scored through harsh mechanical cleaning.

This very large shaffron protected the horses head and ears. The plate in the middle is a plume holder into which a decoration of some kind was held – a spray of ostrich feathers was very commonly used.

Components of the work

Straps composed of leather ( fragments)
Lining-band composed of leather ( fragment)
Ear-defences
Main Plate
Parts
Plume-holder

Materials used in production

Steel

Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed of a medially-ridged main plate, a pair of medially-ridged ear-defences and a medially-embossed plume-holder; hammered, shaped, riveted
Formed

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: paper tag

  • Text: 40
  • Location: Tied to it
  • Method of creation: Inscribed
  • Type: Label

Identification numbers

Accession number: HEN.M.157A-1933
Primary reference Number: 18657
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 14 April 2021 Last processed: Thursday 15 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2023) "Shaffron" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18657 Accessed: 2023-01-27 15:44:10

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/18657 |title=Shaffron |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2023-01-27 15:44:10|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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