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Chocolate pot and cover: C.27 & A-2014

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 26 (Lower Marlay)


Chocolate pot and cover


Factory: Rozenburg Royal Delftware Factory
N. V. Koninklijke Porselein- en Aardewerkfabriek Rozenburg ((local name))
Designer: Kok, Jurriaan Jurriaan
Designer and decorator: Schellink, Samuel




Eggshell porcelain, decorated underglaze in polychrome enamels with hand-painted motifs.

Tall chocolate pot with high, overarching handle, formed and decorated in in Art Nouveau style. Square in plan; sides flare upwards from square foot to rounded shoulders, then in to narrow neck. Angular spout. Cover with small strap knob. Decorated on both sides with a finely painted flowing design of stylized flowers with pale yellow, pale orange and deep pink petals and green leaves.


History note: Purchased from a Cambridgeshire collector of Art Nouveau ceramics, November 2014

Legal notes

Given by the friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum and with a grant from the V & A Grant Fund

Measurements and weight

Height: 23.5 cm
Width: 21 cm

Place(s) associated

  • The Hague ⪼ Netherlands

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bought (2014-11-14) by Popper, John


20th Century, Early
Production date: AD 1909


Chocolate drinking was popular at this time . Chocolate houses had been popular in Europe since the 1700s, but they sold expensive beverages made from roasted cocoa beans and were only for the wealthy. In 1828, C.J. van Houten's cocoa powder machine enabled cheaper production and more consistent quality. By the mid 19th-century, Nestlé, Cadbury's and others were selling solid milk chocolate and, in 1863, Johannes Droste opened his first chocolatier in Haarlem, offering the 'drink of the gods' made from warmed cocoa, milk and sugar. Rozenburg produced chocolate sets, alongside tea and coffee sets, in large numbers. However, surviving pieces are rare, because the material is so fragile. A chocolate cup and saucer, and other examples of eggshell porcelain,are on display in the gallery.

The Rozenburg Royal Delftware Factory (1883-1917) launched ‘eggshell’ porcelain at the 1900 Paris World Fair, and it was highly popular for a decade or so. The porcelain, similar in composition to bone china, was very thinly slip-cast, with handles and spouts formed in one piece with the body. A high temperature biscuit firing (up to c.1,500°C) produced a hard, transparent, non-porous surface. After hand-painting with enamels, a lower temperature final firing conserved the bright colours. The organic shape of this pot is typical of Art Nouveau, but there is also a certain angularity associated with the emerging Art Deco style.

The pot was painted by Samuel Schellink (1876-1947), a leading Rozenburg designer and painter, the fine detail of the painting complementing the delicate curves of the pot. The shape, model no. 39, is illustrated in the Modellenboek of the factory’s general director, Jurriaan Kok (1861-1919), who introduced eggshell porcelain after lengthy experimentation.

School or Style

Art Nouveau

Components of the work

Decoration composed of glaze ( clear) enamels

Materials used in production

Eggshell porcelain

Techniques used in production

Slip casting : Eggshell porcelain, slip-cast, glazed and hand-painted with enamels

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: ‘Rozenburg’ over stork over ‘den Haag’
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Transfer printed
  • Type: Factory mark
  • Text: flaming torch
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Painted
  • Type: Year cypher
  • Text: ‘⊞ 508
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Painted
  • Type: Mark
  • Text: a square-shaped ‘S’ bisected by a vertical line
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Painted
  • Type: Painter's mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.27 & A-2014
Primary reference Number: 201241
Entry form number: 1077
Old object number: AAL.1 & A-2013
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Tuesday 17 March 2015 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Friday 16 February 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Chocolate pot and cover" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-07-25 18:15:39

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