Skip to main content

Chocolate pot and cover: C.27 & A-2014

An image of Chocolate pot

Terms of use

These images are provided for non-commercial use under a Creative Commons License (BY-NC-ND). To license a high resolution version, please contact our image library who will discuss fees, terms and waivers.

Download this image

Creative commons explained - what it means, how you can use our's and other people's content.

Alternative views

Object information

Current Location: Gallery 26 (Lower Marlay)

Titles

Chocolate pot and cover

Maker(s)

Factory: Rozenburg Royal Delftware Factory
N. V. Koninklijke Porselein- en Aardewerkfabriek Rozenburg ((local name))
Designer: Kok, Jurriaan Jurriaan
Designer and decorator: Schellink, Samuel

Entities

Categories

Description

Eggshell porcelain, decorated underglaze in polychrome enamels with hand-painted motifs.

Tall chocolate pot with high, overarching handle, formed and decorated in in Art Nouveau style. Square in plan; sides flare upwards from square foot to rounded shoulders, then in to narrow neck. Angular spout. Cover with small strap knob. Decorated on both sides with a finely painted flowing design of stylized flowers with pale yellow, pale orange and deep pink petals and green leaves.

Notes

History note: Purchased from a Cambridgeshire collector of Art Nouveau ceramics, November 2014

Legal notes

Given by the friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum and with a grant from the V & A Grant Fund

Measurements and weight

Height: 23.5 cm
Width: 21 cm

Relative size of this object

21 cm23.5 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • The Hague ⪼ Netherlands

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bought (2014-11-14) by Popper, John

Dating

Early 20th century
Production date: AD 1909

Note

Chocolate drinking was popular at this time . Chocolate houses had been popular in Europe since the 1700s, but they sold expensive beverages made from roasted cocoa beans and were only for the wealthy. In 1828, C.J. van Houten's cocoa powder machine enabled cheaper production and more consistent quality. By the mid 19th-century, Nestlé, Cadbury's and others were selling solid milk chocolate and, in 1863, Johannes Droste opened his first chocolatier in Haarlem, offering the 'drink of the gods' made from warmed cocoa, milk and sugar. Rozenburg produced chocolate sets, alongside tea and coffee sets, in large numbers. However, surviving pieces are rare, because the material is so fragile. A chocolate cup and saucer, and other examples of eggshell porcelain,are on display in the gallery.

The Rozenburg Royal Delftware Factory (1883-1917) launched ‘eggshell’ porcelain at the 1900 Paris World Fair, and it was highly popular for a decade or so. The porcelain, similar in composition to bone china, was very thinly slip-cast, with handles and spouts formed in one piece with the body. A high temperature biscuit firing (up to c.1,500°C) produced a hard, transparent, non-porous surface. After hand-painting with enamels, a lower temperature final firing conserved the bright colours. The organic shape of this pot is typical of Art Nouveau, but there is also a certain angularity associated with the emerging Art Deco style.

The pot was painted by Samuel Schellink (1876-1947), a leading Rozenburg designer and painter, the fine detail of the painting complementing the delicate curves of the pot. The shape, model no. 39, is illustrated in the Modellenboek of the factory’s general director, Jurriaan Kok (1861-1919), who introduced eggshell porcelain after lengthy experimentation.

School or Style

Art Nouveau

Components of the work

Decoration composed of glaze ( clear) enamels

Materials used in production

Eggshell porcelain

Techniques used in production

Slip casting : Eggshell porcelain, slip-cast, glazed and hand-painted with enamels

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: ‘Rozenburg’ over stork over ‘den Haag’
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Transfer printed
  • Type: Factory mark
  • Text: flaming torch
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Painted
  • Type: Year cypher
  • Text: ‘⊞ 508
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Painted
  • Type: Mark
  • Text: a square-shaped ‘S’ bisected by a vertical line
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Painted
  • Type: Painter's mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.27 & A-2014
Primary reference Number: 201241
Entry form number: 1077
Old object number: AAL.1 & A-2013
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Tuesday 17 March 2015 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Chocolate pot and cover" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/201241 Accessed: 2022-12-09 20:29:56

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/201241 |title=Chocolate pot and cover |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-12-09 20:29:56|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

API call for this record

To call these data via our API (remember this needs to be authenticated) you can use this code snippet:

https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/api/v1/objects/object-201241

Bootstrap HTML code for reuse

To use this as a simple code embed, copy this string:

<div class="text-center">
    <figure class="figure">
        <img src="https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/imagestore/aa/aa32/C_27_20_26_20A_2014_3_201504_jas244_dc2.jpg"
        alt="Chocolate pot and cover"
        class="img-fluid" />
        <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Chocolate pot and cover</figcaption>
    </figure>
</div>
    

Please enter your name as you would like to be addressed
Please enter your email address
The object accession number - this is prefilled
Please enter your query with as much detail as possible

More objects and works of art you might like

Chocolate pot

Accession Number: C.450 & A & B-1928

Chocolate pot

Accession Number: C.61 & A-1950

Chocolate pot

Accession Number: M.59-1961

Chocolate cup

Accession Number: C.85 & A & B-1932

Suggested products from Curating Cambridge

You might be interested in this...

Sign up for updates

Updates about future exhibitions and displays, family activities, virtual events & news. You'll be the first to know...