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Monmouth and Argyle. Beheaded. 1685: CM.18-1938

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Monmouth and Argyle. Beheaded. 1685


Ruler: James II (1685-1701)
Engraver: Arondeaux, R.




This medal was executed in commemoration of the ill-advised, ill-conducted, and unsuccessful invasions of Monmouth and Argyle, both of whom were defeated, captured, and beheaded.


Production date: AD 1685

Components of the work

Object composed of silver Diameter (min) 61 mm Diameter 61 mm Weight 77.28 g

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Bust of James II, facing left, laureate, in Roman dress, resting on four sceptres, terminating in the badges of the kingdoms, upon a pedestal, in front of which is affixed the royal shield within the Garter, crowned; below is inscribed, "ARAS ET SCEPTRA TUEMUR. 1685" Neptune in his car, and ships in the distance.

  • Text: IACOBVS II D . G . MAG . BRI . FRAN . ET . HIB . REX. (On base of pedestal) R . A . FEC.
  • Location: Obverse
  • Type: Design

Inscription present: A pedestal inscribed, "AMBITIO MALESUADA RUIT."; on it Justice, trampling on a serpent, weighs three crowns against the sword, the torch, and the serpent of Discord. At her feet lie the bodies of Monmouth and Argyle; their heads are on blocks inscribed, "IACOBVS DE MONT. MOUT - ARCHIBALD D' ARGYL." Above the sun; on one side lightening darting against troops discomfited at Sedgemoor; on the other, two heads fixed over the gates of the Tower.

  • Location: Reverse
  • Type: Design

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: CM.18-1938
Primary reference Number: 227616
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Monday 19 August 2019 Updated: Monday 16 September 2019 Last processed: Tuesday 13 June 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Coins and Medals

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Monmouth and Argyle. Beheaded. 1685" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-02-23 21:31:52

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{{cite web|url= |title=Monmouth and Argyle. Beheaded. 1685 |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-02-23 21:31:52|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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