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Annei lucij Senece de quatuor virtutibus liber Jncipit.: PB 29-2021

Object information

Current Location: In storage


Annei lucij Senece de quatuor virtutibus liber Jncipit.
Formula vitae honestae
De quattuor virtutibus cardinalibus, sive De formula honestae vitae.


Author: Martin, of Braga, Saint
Author: Marcello, Pietro
Author (ascribed): Seneca, Lucius Annaeus
Bernard, of Clairvaux, Saint
Bernard Silvestris
Johannes, de Hauvilla
Printer (ascribed): Guldenschaff, Johann
Printer (ascribed): Winters, Conrad
Bookbinder: Riviere & Son


[21] leaves ; 20cm (4to).

Polain dates about 1474.
For the attribution of the text to Martinus Dumiensis, Archbishop of Braga, see Nikolaus Henkel, Deutsche Übersetzungen lateinischer Schultexte: Ihre Verbreitung und Funktion im Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit, Münchener Texte und Untersuchungen, 90, Munich,1988, pp. 306-309.
Martinus's Formula vitae honestae, sive De quatuor virtutibus, is traditionally attributed to Seneca and is presumably based on Seneca's De officiis.
The three fictitious orations ascribed to Demosthenes, Aeschines, and Demades are probably by Petrus Marcellus, bishop of Ceneda: see Remigio Sabbadini, "Antonio da Romagno e Pietro Marcello", in Nuovo Archivio Veneto, n.s., XV (1915), pp. 207-246, in particular pp. 241 ss.
Coloured decorative initials.
Marginal drawings in brown ink:The initial Q on the first page represents the Annuniciation angel and the Blessed Virgin. In the scroll uniting their heads are initials standing for Ave, Gratia, Plena, Dominus Tecum Maria. On sig, 6v the initial O represents two lions in circle with tails knotted. 10b and 11r and v, floral work. 13v initial G of bird and figure holding a horn. Some marginal contemporary notes on 17v and 19v.
[Pseudo-] Lucius Annaeus Seneca [i.e. Martinus de Braga]. De quattuor virtutibus cardinalibus, sive De formula honestae vitae, [a1]r-[a6]r; [Pseudo-] Lucius Annaeus Seneca [i.e. Martinus de Braga]. De moribus, [a6]v-[b2]r; "Epitaphium Senece", [b2]r; [Petrus Marcellus]. Tres orationes habitae in senatu Atheniensi de recipiendo Alexandro Magno vel armis repellendo, attributed here to Aeschines, Demades, and Demosthenes, [b2]v-[b5]r; [Pseudo-] Bernardus Claravallensis [i.e Bernardus Silvestris?]. Epistola de gubernatione rei familiaris, addressed to Raymundus miles, [b5]v-[c3]r; "Quattuor sunt que per rectore[m] familie obseruari conuenit", 4 verse, reading "Sub timore congruo familiam tenere / Alimenta iuxta redditus exhibere / Mores quoq[ue] iustos docere / In domo hilarem temperate se exhibere", [c3]r; Proverbia, inc. "Optimus est in omnibus modus laudabilis q[ue] me[n]sura", expl. "Malum est loqui multa sed et peius loqui t[ro]pia ", [c3]v-[c6*]r; [Johannes de Hauvilla]. Architrenius [II, 484-93], entitled "Architrenius libro secu[n]do in fine in laudem ciuitatis parisiensis hec", inc. "Exoritur tandem locus . altera regia phebi : Parisius . cirrea viris . crisea metallis", 11 hexameters, [c6*]v.

Binding: by Rivière & Son. Red morocco (19th century); spine blind stamped, border g.t. on inside covers, raised bands, g. lettering; a.e.g.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1904) by McClean, Frank


Production date: circa AD 1472 : [Cologne : Printer of the 'Historia S. Albani' (Johann Guldenschaff or Conrad WInters, de Homborch?), about 1472]

Identification numbers

Accession number: PB 29-2021
Primary reference Number: 307337
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Monday 1 November 2021 Updated: Thursday 8 June 2023 Last processed: Tuesday 13 June 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Manuscripts and Printed Books

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