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William Pitt, First Earl of Chatham (1708-1778), Statesman and Prime Minister: M.65-1937

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Object information

Current Location: Founder's Entrance Hall Upper Landing

Titles

William Pitt, First Earl of Chatham (1708-1778), Statesman and Prime Minister

Maker(s)

Wilton, Joseph (Sculptor)

Description

Bust. White marble. The sitter is turned to the front, facing and looking a little left. He is bare-headed with his hair curling and lying low on the nape of the neck. He is clean shaven, he has a bare throat, and his shoulders and bust are covered by drapery.

Notes

History note: Collection of the Duke of Newcastle at Clumber Park. Sold in the Earl of Lincoln's Sale, Christie's catalogue, 19th October 1937, lot 344.

Legal notes

Given by the Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1937) by The Friends of the Fitzwilliam Museum

Dating

18th century
Circa 1745 - Before 1778

Note

English-born Joseph Wilton trained as a sculptor with Laurent Delvaux at Nivelles in Flanders and from 1744 with Jean-Baptiste Pigalle in Paris. In 1747 he moved to Rome and then c.1750 moved to Florence. He returned to England in 1755 with the architect William Chambers, whose friendship helped him to gain important patrons. He was a talented portraitist. Wilton was one of the Foundation Members of the Royal Academy in 1768, and in 1790 became its third Keeper of collections.

This portrait, in a style inspired by the busts of ancient Greece and Rome, is undated but may have been made in 1766, the year when Pitt became first Earl of Chatham and the Stamp Act (a direct tax on the American colonies) was repealed. This made Pitt popular in the American colonies in the run-up to the American War of Independence (1775–83). A similar bust in terracotta, which may be the model for this, was given to Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts) in 1769 by Benjamin Franklin (1706–90), one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

William Pitt was a politician of the Whig party who actively encouraged the expansion of British territories overseas in direct competition with France and Spain. Called ‘The Great Commoner’ because of his refusal to accept an aristocratic title until 1766, he is best known as the informal political leader of Britain during the Seven Years' War, a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. Victory for Britain altered the balance of power in Europe and ended French dominance over world affairs.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Bust Height 25 in
Plinth Height 5 3/4 in

Materials used in production

White marble

Techniques used in production

Carving : White marble

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.65-1937
Primary reference Number: 30966
External ID: CAM_CCF_M_65_1937
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 4 August 2020 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "William Pitt, First Earl of Chatham (1708-1778), Statesman and Prime Minister" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/30966 Accessed: 2022-08-19 06:03:26

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/30966 |title=William Pitt, First Earl of Chatham (1708-1778), Statesman and Prime Minister |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-19 06:03:26|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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