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Apollo slaying the Sons of Niobe: EC.3-1937

An image of Dish

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Object information

Titles

Apollo slaying the Sons of Niobe

Maker(s)

Possibly Guido di Merlino (Workshop)
After Polidoro da Caravaggio (Polidoro Caldara) (Painter)
After Giulio Romano (Giulio Pippi) (Painter)

Description

Earthenware, in-glazed overall; the reverse pale beige. Painted in blue, green, yellow, orange, stone, brown, manganese-purple, black, and white. Shape approximately 64 with plain rim. Circular with almost flat rim, and wide shallow well; warped in firing. Apollo slaying the Sons of Niobe. Apollo stands on the left, firing his bow towards the stampeding horses of the sons of Niobe, five of whom are wholly or partly visible. Behind Apollo is the head of an old man. Further back to left there is a group of trees on either side of a rock, and to right, the citadel of Cadmus and two trees. In the distance there is a landscape with a mountain. A black band and a wider yellow band encircle the outer edge. The back is inscribed in the middle in blue: `Febbo saetto li ffillole de/Niobbe .548' (Phoebus shoots the sons of/Niobe).

Notes

History note: Conte Ferdinando Pasolini Dall'Onda, Faenza; sold Paris, Ridel, 14 December 1853, Catalogue d'une belle collection de majoliques italiennes des diverses fabriques des XVe, XVIe & XVIIe siècles dont la vente aura lieu Rue des Jeuneurs n. 42, salle 2., lot 212. Perhaps Joseph Marryat; Christie's, 16 February 1866, Catalogue of works of art formed during a long series of years by Joseph Marryat Esq., author of the well-known work on `Pottery and Porcelain', p. 52, lot 850. Charles Ricketts, RA (1866-1931) and Charles H. Shannon, RA (1863-1937) ; Charles H. Shannon RA by whom bequeathed

Legal notes

C.H. Shannon Bequest

Measurements and weight

Height: 4 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Urbino ⪼ The Marches ⪼ Italy
  • Rome ⪼ Italy

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1937-04-07) by Shannon, Charles Haslewood

Dating

Mid 16th century
Renaissance
Production date: dated AD 1548

Note

On the right of the dish the painter has substituted a semi-clad male figure for the clad female figure in the original. It was probably inspired by a man astride a fallen horse in Giulio Romano's fresco of the 'Battle of the Milvian Bridge' in the Sala di Costantino in the Vatican, although the position of the figure has been reversed and the arms raised to approximate with the pose of the woman in the frieze. There does not appears to have been a print of the fresco when the dish was made so the man must have been derived from a drawing. The engraving with that title by Giulio Bonasone, dated 1544, depicts a different battle scene.

The design was derived from the facade of the Palazzo Milesi, via della Maschera d'Oro, Rome, which Polidoro da Caravaggio (1492-1543) completed before the Sack of Rome in 1527. It was the most celebrated of his facades and was the last of those listed by Vasari. The facade has deteriorated so that only the faintest shadows of its former splendour remain. But the whole scheme can be seen in Enrico Maccari's 'Graffiti e chiaroscuri esistenti nell'esterno delle case di Roma', undated but published in 1876. The frieze illustrating the story of Niobe ran from left to right along the facade above the doorways and below the first-floor windows. No print of this facade is known before 1548 so presumably the painter of the dish had access to drawings made in Rome.

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of high-temperature colours ( metallic oxide colours) Rim Diameter 42.8 cm

Materials used in production

Tin-glaze Earthenware

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Earthenware, tin-glazed overall; the reverse pale beige. Painted in blue, green, yellow, orange, stone, brown, manganese-purple, black, and white.
Tin-glazing

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: Febbo saetto li ffillole de/Niobbe .548
  • Location: On the back
  • Method of creation: Painted

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: EC.3-1937
Primary reference Number: 47189
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 1 December 2020 Last processed: Saturday 22 May 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Apollo slaying the Sons of Niobe" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/47189 Accessed: 2022-07-04 05:11:13

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/47189 |title=Apollo slaying the Sons of Niobe |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-07-04 05:11:13|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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