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Basin: C.84-1927

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Maker(s)

Maker: Unidentified Deruta pottery

Entities

  • Basin
  • shallow basin for ewer
  • dish for a ewer

Categories

Description

Pale buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall. Painted in blue and with brassy-yellow lustre.
Shape 70, but deeper. Circular with narrow rim, wide shallow well with a slightly convex boss in the middle, surrounded by a circle rib, a sloping concave zone and an indented circle.
On the boss within a blue circle, a woman half-length in profile to left faces a plant with three flowers. The boss is surrounded by a broad lustre band decorated with blue interlace, outside which is a series of concentric circles: blue, reserved white, blue, lustre and blue. The sides are decorated with slanting pseudo-gadroons and the rim has two continuous interlacing lines. A lustre band encircles the edge. On the back are four spaced concentric lustre circles.

Notes

History note: A. Wylie; Frederick Leverton Harris (1864-1926)

Legal notes

F. Leverton Harris Bequest, 1926

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 31.5 cm
Height: 3.5 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Deruta ⪼ Umbria ⪼ Italy

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1927) by Harris, Frederick Leverton

Dating

16th Century, Early#
Renaissance
Circa 1500 - 1530

Note

Shallow basins with a central boss (bacili da acquareccia) were intended to accompany ewers, although no sets appear to have survived together. They were produced throughout the first half of the sixteenth century, and lustred examples survive in great numbers. Very few can be dated, even approximately with certainty. One of the earliest, in the British Museum, is decorated on the boss with the arms of a Montefeltro Duke of Urbino and was presumably made before 1508 when Francesco della Rovere succeeded to the dukedom. another basin at the Musée de la Renaissance at Ecouen, bears the arms for one or other of the Medici Popes, Leo X (1513-21) or Clement VII (1523-34). Many of these basins are decor¬ated in the centre with a woman demurely facing to right or left towards a flowering plant, surrounded by a selec¬tion of stock patterns on the sides and rim, such as mock gadroons, scales, pointed rays and sty¬lized plants, wreaths of formal flowers and geometrical motifs. On some basins the flowers in front of the girls resemble pinks, which, like carnations, were symbols of love, so it seems likely that these were betrothal or wedding gifts, although not necessarily so. In the late fourteenth century, Margherita, the wife of the merchant, Francesco Datini of Prato (d. 1410), was asked to take 'a bowl and an ewer, such as is customary to give to girls' to the birthday party of one of her friend's daughters. At that time the ewer and basin would almost certainly have been metal, but it seems probable that, if this custom persisted maiolica would have been acceptable. A maiolica basin in an Italian private collection has the girl's name GIROLEMA painted across the boss. It is difficult to date these basins other than by matching the borders with datable pieces of other types, or by the costume of the girls in the central medallion, which, because of the conservatism of Deruta decorators, is probably not very accurate. Nevertheless, it seems significant that the Louvre's relief moulded basin dated 1546, and another undated in the Lehman collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, feature girls wearing a different style of dress and turban-like caps. This fashion can be seen in portraits of the 1520s, and on bella donna dishes of the 1530s and early 1540s. It therefore seems likely that basins like this example and C.84-1961, which feature a Peruginesque girl, were likely to have been made before about 1530. There are examples in the City Museum and Art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent (27 P 53); the Musée des Antiquités de la Seine-Maritime, Rouen, the V. & A., the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, the Louvre, the Musée National de la Renaissance, Écouen, the Indianapolis Museum of Arts, the Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, the Galeazzi collection, Terni, the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg, the British Museum, and the Los Angeles County Museum, i(50.9.14.7).

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of high-temperature colour ( blue) reduced pigment lustre ( silver-yellow, appearing brassy-yellow) tin-glaze

Materials used in production

Earthenware

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Pale buff earthenware, moulded, and tin-glazed overall. Painted in blue and with brassy-yellow lustre.
Tin-glazing

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: rectangular with cut corners and blue printed border

  • Text: 'M24' in ink, 'Leverton/Harris/1926' in pencil
  • Method of creation: Hand-written in blue-black ink and pencil
  • Type: Label

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.84-1927
Primary reference Number: 48529
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Saturday 27 January 2024 Last processed: Tuesday 13 February 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Basin" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/48529 Accessed: 2024-04-14 17:58:04

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/48529 |title=Basin |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-04-14 17:58:04|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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