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Limestone false door stela: E.6.1909

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Object information

Titles

Limestone false door stela

Description

Limestone stela in the form of a false door belonging to a woman named Hemi-Ra. The door comprises two pairs of door jambs inscribed with vertical columns of hieroglyphic text, a lintel, or crossbar, with horizontal rows of hieroglyphic text and a rectangular panel with apertures at the top which is broken, but would have once been T-shaped. There is also a narrow, central niche in the middle of the door and a drum at the top (just below the lintel). The top part of the door is missing, but would have originally comprised a cavetto cornice with torus moulding and upper lintel. Hemi-Ra is shown multiple times on the door and past scholarly literature, particularly by Henry Fischer (1976), has suggested that the figures represent the female owner at three different phases of her life: as a young girl (the seated figures at the bottom of the inner jambs), a woman 'in her prime' (on the lintel and central panel) and as an older woman with frontal, drooping breasts (on the outer jambs). However, interdisciplinary research undertaken by the Fitzwilliam Museum between 2019 and 2021 indicates that the stela has been modified, probably at least twice. This is evident through changes in patina in the stone, tool marks and deeper carving in two key areas of the door - the central panel, and all of the upper bodies and the whole proper right outer figure of the figures depicted at the bottom of the jambs. These areas are also devoid of any red pigment, while red pigment can be detected elsewhere on the door - suggesting the door was once completely painted red to imitate the more expensive stone granite, and that the re-carving took place at some point after the pigment had faded. The pose and attire of the figures at the bottom of the door, which are more normally associated with male figures, is also suggestive that the door was originally carved for a man.

In terms of the door's provenance, Fischer attributes the door to Busiris in the Nile Delta based on the epithet 'one revered of Hathor, the lady of Busiris'. However, examination of this title in association with the other inscriptions, and the door's architectural and stylistic properties, would point to a provenance of the Memphite nome instead.

Publication of this stela is currently underway. For more information, see also: https://beta.fitz.ms/objects-and-artworks/highlights/E16909

Measurements and weight

Height: 82.5 cm
Thickness: 8 cm
Width: 63.5 cm

Relative size of this object

63.5 cm82.5 cm8 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Find spot

  • Memphis ? Egypt

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bought (1909)

Dating

Ninth Dynasty
Tenth Dynasty
First Intermediate period
-2170 BC - -2025 BC

Materials used in production

Limestone

Techniques used in production

Carved

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: vertical text, hieroglyphs facing to right

  • Text: Htp di nsw in wsir nb Ddw t Hnqt xt nb(t) wabt prrt Hr sAT n wsir m Ddw n imAXt Hmi-ra rn.s nfr rxt nsw Hm(t) nTr Hwt-Hr Hmi i anxw tpyw tA swAt.sn Hr wAt tn Ddt.sn t wAb pw n wsir iw n imAxtwy Hmi
  • Location: Left jambs
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: vertical text, hieroglyphs facing to left

  • Text: [Htp di] inpw xnty sH nTr imy wt nb tA Dsr prt-xrw m wAg-Hb DHwty-Hb n imAxwt Hmi-ra rn.s nfr Hmi [ink iri] Htp sbi imAxHsyt nt it.s //rt [mut].s imAxt nt Hwt-Hr nbt Ddw
  • Location: Right jambs
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: hieroglyphs facing to right

  • Text: imAxwt Hmi
  • Location: Offering scene, in front of deceased
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: 3 horizontal rows of hieroglyphs facing to the right

  • Text: imAxwt xr ptH skr imAxwt xr wsir nb Ddw imAxwt xr inpw nb qrst
  • Location: Panel below offering scene
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: hiergolyphs facing to right

  • Text: rxt nsw Hm(t) nTr Hwt-Hr Hmi-ra rn.s nfr Hmi
  • Location: Panel below offering scene
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: vertical columns of hieroglyphs facing to right

  • Text: sDA.s Hr wAwt nfr(w)t nt Hrty-nTr m imAxwt nt nTr-aA Hmi-ra rn.s nfr Hmi ir sS nb swAt.f Hr is pn Ddt.f t Hnqt n nbt is pn imAxt (Hmi-ra rn.s nfr Hmi)
  • Location: Central jambs, left
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Inscription

Inscription present: vertical columns of hieroglyphs, facing to left

  • Text: ink rdit t n Hqr Hbs n Hawy Hsyt nt hi.s Hmi-ra ir r[mT] nb Ddt.sn t n Hmi m is.s pn ink Ax iqr n rdi.i Dw n.sn
  • Location: Central jambs, right
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Inscription

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: E.6.1909
Primary reference Number: 51004
Oldadmincategory: SS
Sketchfab model
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Thursday 26 August 2021 Last processed: Thursday 26 August 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Antiquities

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Limestone false door stela" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/51004 Accessed: 2022-05-25 18:31:00

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/51004 |title=Limestone false door stela |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-05-25 18:31:00|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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