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Sir Francis Burdett jug: C.1166-1928

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Object information

Titles

Sir Francis Burdett jug

Maker(s)

Possibly unidentified English pottery (Factory)

Description

White earthenware, glazed, resist-lustred and transfer-printed in red-brown.

Jug with bulbous body, cylindrical neck, curved lip and angular handle. Decorated over-glaze on the outside with silver resist-lustre decoration and a large oval reserve on either side, each containing a red-brown transfer print. The lustre decoration includes stylized wavy sprays of foliage on the body and handle, and a repeating zig-zag with groups of three dots at the points on the neck. The rim is covered in silver lustre The underside is flat and glazed, with a raised foot-rim.

The images and text in the reserves, each contained within curved sprays of flowers and foliage, are as follows:
(i) a stippled bust portrait of Sir Francis Burdett with, below on a label: 'The determined enemy of corruption & the/constitutional friend of his SOVEREIGN'.
(ii) 'Sir FRANCIS BURDETT/Bart. M.P./Committed to the Tower/April, 6th. 1810/by the House of Commons for firmly/and disinterestedly asserting/the legal rights of the/British People'.

Notes

History note: Provenance unidentified before Sotheby's, 14 March 1911, lot 259; purchased by S. Fenton for £2 for Dr J.W.L. Glaisher, FRS, Trinity College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Dr J.W.L. Glaisher Bequest

Measurements and weight

Height: 10.6 cm
Width: 13.4 cm

Relative size of this object

13.4 cm10.6 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Leeds (Yorks.) ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr

Dating

Early 19th Century
George III
Production date: circa AD 1810

Note

Resist lustreware was typically produced by drawing, transfer printing or stencilling the design over-glaze then applying a size (perhaps a sugar and glycerine mix) to the design, with a fine brush. The jug was then coated in lustre, which only adhered to the unpainted parts. Silver lustre, made using minute deposits of platinum on a white, yellow or blue ground, was popular from around 1810-1830; and pots were sometimes coated all over to mimic Georgian silver. Pink and purple lustre was also produced, using gold. Leeds and Staffordshire were the main production centres for resist lustreware.

Sir Francis Burdett (1770-1884) entered Parliament in 1796 and campaigned against political corruption and the restriction of press freedom. In 1810 he published pamphlets supporting Gale Jones, who had been imprisoned in Newgate for publicly questioning the exclusion of the press from Parliament. This lead to Parliament committing Burdett to the Tower of London. His public arrest was carried out by a military cavalcade before an enormous mob of his supporters. Variations of the bust used on this jug also appear on other printed wares of the time, often paired with the inscriptions found here.

This type of jug was made for everyday use. The shape and size of this example suggest it may be a milk jug. The inscription indicates a date of 1810, or soon after.

Transfer printing was introduced in the second half of the 18th century, generally using the glue bat method. The design was engraved on a copper plate, which was covered with linseed oil; a thin bat of animal glue was pressed onto the oiled plate and then applied to the ware. The ware was then dusted with powdered metallic oxide, which adhered to the oil, and fired to fix the design. Round-bodied vessels were particularly well suited to this method as the flexible bat could be stretched around curves. The prints here have a few bubble-like flaws, known as ‘eyes’, caused by flecks of dust trapped between bat and body.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of ceramic printing colour ( red) platinum lustre Body Handle

Materials used in production

slightly blue-tinted Lead-glaze Earthenware

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.1166-1928
Primary reference Number: 71444
Old object number: 3383
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Sunday 28 November 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Sir Francis Burdett jug" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/71444 Accessed: 2022-05-28 21:47:36

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/71444 |title=Sir Francis Burdett jug |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-05-28 21:47:36|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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                        <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Sir Francis Burdett jug</figcaption>
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