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The Vicar and Moses: C.21-1929

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 27 (Glaisher)

Titles

The Vicar and Moses

Maker(s)

Potter: Wood, Ralph, II (Probably)

Entities

Categories

Description

Earthenware figure group, moulded and modelled in several parts, decorated with brown, blue and clear lead glazes.

Cream earthenware, press-moulded and modelled, and decorated with brown, blue, and clear lead-glazes. Figure group comprising a square double tier pulpit; at the top, an elderly sleeping vicar with his head resting on his left hand; at the bottom, a younger speaking clerk with his left hand raised in benediction. Each figure has his right hand draped over the lectern on the front of his pulpit, on which rests an open bible. The pulpit is slab-built as an open vessel, into which the moulded figures have been put. On each of the four front corners below the lecterns, it has a winged cherub's head in relief. The modelling of the figures is very fine, showing the folds of the clothing, the finger nails, the ringlets of the vicar’s wig and the clerk’s buttons. The vicar wears a wig and clerical dress. The clerk has a blue jacket and the pulpit is mid brown, hands and faces are pale pinkish brown, other parts are white. ‘THE VICAR / AND MOSES’ is impressed on the front of the lower pulpit. The underside is flat and unglazed.

Notes

History note: Unknown before donor, Mrs. W.D. (Frances Louisa), Dickson, Bournemouth

Legal notes

Given by Mrs W.D. Dickson

Measurements and weight

14.5
24.5
Width: 11 cm

At the moment, this record does not display units or type of measurements. We will rectify this as soon as possible.

Place(s) associated

  • Burslem ⪼ Staffordshire ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1929-05-21) by Dickson, W. D. (Frances Louisa), Mrs

Dating

Late 18th century
George III
Circa 1783 CE - Circa 1795 CE

Note

Figures showing scenes from everyday life and topical events became popular from the late 18th Century. Early examples like this are often complex, with modelled and moulded parts and applied decoration. However, by c.1835 these methods had largely given way to three-part press-moulding which enabled faster and cheaper production for a growing market.

Ralph Wood of Burslem made the earliest Staffordshire figure groups of The Vicar and Moses, decorated with coloured glazes, c. 1783-1795. An example in the City Museum and art Gallery, Stoke-on-Trent, has the impressed mark, 'Ra. Wood/Burslem'. Similar groups decorated in enamel colours appeared from the early 1800s and versions were made throughout the century. These all feature the double pulpit and sleeping vicar, but variations in quality and modelling show they were produced by different potters - the Fitzwilliam holds two such different versions – and there are also later copies in circulation. A different group with the same title was made by Enoch Wood, c.1790-1810, and shows the clerk leading the drunken vicar home. A satirical ballad, ‘The Vicar and Moses’, by George Alexander Stevens, published c. 1772, which tells of a drunken vicar assisted in his duties by his clerk, Moses, almost certainly influenced the production of both these groups. The double pulpit format here seems to be inspired by William Hogarth's engraving, ‘The Sleeping Congregation’, which shows the vicar preaching while his Clerk and the congregation sleep, first published in 1736.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Base
Decoration
Parts
Pulpit

Materials used in production

Lead-glaze
Earthenware

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: THE VICAR/AND MOSES
  • Location: On front of pulpit
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Type: Inscription

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.21-1929
Primary reference Number: 73131
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 13 December 2022 Last processed: Tuesday 31 January 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2023) "The Vicar and Moses" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/73131 Accessed: 2023-02-03 11:55:23

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/73131 |title=The Vicar and Moses |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2023-02-03 11:55:23|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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