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Europe Preserved: C.740-1928

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Titles

Europe Preserved

Maker(s)

Factory: Unidentified English factory
Engraver: Terebenev, Ivan Ivanovic (After)
Engraver: Cruikshank, George (After)

Entities

Categories

Description

Lead-glazed creamware transfer-printed in black and coloured in enamels.

Cream-coloured earthenware covered in clear lead-glaze, transfer-printed onglaze in black and coloured in red, blue, black, green, yellow, brown and ochre enamels. The jug has a bulbous body, cyclindrical neck and scroll handle. Printed on one side of the neck of the jug is ‘EUROPE PRESERVED / September 14th 1812’. Beneath this title, on the body of the jug, is the inscription ‘Specimen of RUSSIAN chopping BLOCKS’ over a bearded Russian soldier with a sabre hanging from his belt. He raises an axe, ready to bring it down on a Napoleonic soldier, who kneels over two of his fallen comrades, both of whom have bloodied head wounds. Underneath is a Russian inscription, which translates as ‘There were hordes of you weren’t there? Well, that's the lot! That’s what you were up to, trying to hack your way through; in future you won’t give any trouble’, and an English one, which reads ‘So you’r the last! says this brave honest Man. Now Nap return to Russia if you can’. Underneath the lip of the jug is a figure mounted on a horse with a sabre hanging from his belt and a tall fur-trimmed hat; he is labelled ‘COSACK’. On the other side of the jug, '“HOURRAH Your SERENE HIGHNESS!!”’ is printed on the neck. Beneath, on the body of the jug, is a Russian soldier, carrying his gun over his right shoulder: hanging from the barrel are three Napoleonic soldiers with two more skewered on the bayonet. The Russian soldier is led by a small boy who carries a standard in the shape of an eagle. In the background are military tents. Underneath is an inscription in Russian, which has been translated as ‘Bringing home a bunch of spillikins for the pleasure of the children’, and an English inscription: ‘A RUSSIAN BOOR returning from his FIELD SPORTS’. Enamels have been used to colour the prints: the Napoleonic soldiers have blue coats, red waistcoats, yellow breeches and black hats with red feathers. The Russian soldiers have red hats and belts, ochre coats and blue breeches. The Cosack and small boy are clad all in red. The ground painted with bands of green, light brown and dark brown. The rim of the jug and the edges of the handle are painted green.

Notes

History note: Provenance unidentified before sold by Mrs Goldsborough, Salisbury, on 31 December 1919 for £5 to Dr J.W.L. Glaisher, FRS, Trinity College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Dr J.W.L. Glaisher Bequest

Measurements and weight

Height: 27 cm
Width: 32.6 cm

Relative size of this object

32.6 cm27 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr

Dating

Early 19th Century
George III
Production date: AD 1813

Note

The scenes on the jug are derived from a series of coloured prints engraved by Ivan Ivanovic Terebenev (1780-1815) and published in Russia in November 1812. They celebrate the failure of Napoleon’s attempted invasion of Russia in 1812. On 14th September, Napoleon’s forces began an occupation Moscow but, running out of supplies, they were forced to attempt a retreat to Smolensk on 19th October. The retreat failed and 500,000 Napoleonic soldiers lost their lives. News of the defeat of the French reached England in mid-December, prompting celebration and widespread enthusiasm for all things Russian. The two Terebenev prints on this jug were redrawn by the English caricaturist George Cruikshank and published in London by Hannah Humphrey on 8th January 1813; Cruikshank copied the original Russian inscriptions but also added English titles and captions. A vast flood of commemorative pottery was also produced. This jug belongs to the ‘EUROPE PRESERVED’ series, which consisted of jugs of various sizes that reproduced Cruikshank’s prints in combination with various other pro-Russian prints and with the titles of ‘EUROPE PRESERVED, September 14th 1812’ and ‘HOURRAH Your SERENE HIGHNESS’. The ‘Serene Highness’ referred to was Mikhail Kutozov, Prince of Smolensk, who, as the Field-Marshal in charge of the Russian army, oversaw the defeat of Napoleon.

Components of the work

Body
Handle

Materials used in production

black Ceramic printing colour
clear Lead-glaze
cream-coloured Earthenware
Enamels

Techniques used in production

Painting overglaze
Transfer printing
Lead-glazing

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: EUROPE PRESERVED / September 14th 1812
  • Location: Neck of jug
  • Method of creation: Transfer-printed onglaze in black
  • Type: Inscription
  • Text: Specimen of RUSSIAN chopping BLOCKS
  • Location: Side of jug
  • Method of creation: Transfer-printed onglaze in black
  • Type: Inscription
  • Location: Side of jug
  • Method of creation: Transfer-printed onglaze in black
  • Type: Inscription
  • Text: So you’r the last! says this brave honest Man. Now Nap return to Russia if you can.
  • Location: Side of jug
  • Method of creation: Transfer-printed onglaze in black
  • Type: Inscription
  • Text: COSACK
  • Location: Front of jug
  • Method of creation: Transfer-printed onglaze in black
  • Type: Inscription
  • Text: “HOURRAH Your SERENE HIGHNESS!!”
  • Location: Neck of jug
  • Method of creation: Transfer-printed onglaze in black
  • Type: Inscription
  • Text: A RUSSIAN BOOR returning from his FIELD SPORTS
  • Location: Side of jug
  • Method of creation: Transfer-printed onglaze in black
  • Type: Inscription

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.740-1928
Primary reference Number: 75956
Old catalogue number: 4100
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Tuesday 22 November 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Europe Preserved" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/75956 Accessed: 2022-11-29 07:58:26

Citation for Wikipedia

To cite this record on Wikipedia you can use this code snippet:

{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/75956 |title=Europe Preserved |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-11-29 07:58:26|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/api/v1/objects/object-75956

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        class="img-fluid" />
        <figcaption class="figure-caption text-info">Europe Preserved</figcaption>
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