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Seleucus II escaping from his Fleet after it had been wrecked by a Storm: C.87-1961

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Titles

Seleucus II escaping from his Fleet after it had been wrecked by a Storm

Maker(s)

Painter: Avelli, Francesco Xanto
Printmaker: Monogrammist I. B. (After)
Printmaker: Dente, Marco (Marco da Ravenna) (After)
Printmaker: Raimondi, Marcantonio (After)

Entities

Categories

Description

Maiolica plate. Painted in polychrome with Seleucus II escaping from his Fleet after it had been wrecked by a Storm.

Pale buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall; the glaze on the reverse is thin, off-white, and tinged with green. Painted in blue, turquoise-green, yellow, orange, stone, brown, manganese-purple, inky blue-black, black, and white.
Shape 56 but shallower. Circular with a sloping rim and broad, shallow well.
Seleucus II escaping from his Fleet after it had been wrecked by a Storm. On the left, Seleucus, bearing a shield inscribed 'SELEVCO', flees from the shore. In the middle, a man holding an oar and a warrior with a shield stand on a ship with a broken mast. On the right, a man with his back to the viewer stands on a ship, and another lies on the jetty. In the background there are three more ships with storm clouds above. The back is inscribed in the middle in dark blue: '.1533./Della sua Classe sol/Seleuco scampa./Nel .XXVII. libro d Iustino/ Histo:/.f.X.A.R./i Urbino.' (From his fleet only Seleucus escapes.In the 27th book of Justin's History:.Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo in Urbino.). The base is encircled by one yellow band and the rim by two.

Notes

History note: Lieut-Col. Auberon Claud Kennard (1870-1951), London; Sotheby's, 25 June 1931, Catalogue of two pieces of Henri II ware, fine Italian maiolica, Rhodian and other faience from a few well-known private collections comprising . . . the property of Lieut-Col. Auberon Kennard, 29 Sloane Gardens, S.W. 3., lot 8; Louis C.G. Clarke, LL.D. (1881-1960), Leckhampton, Cambridge

Legal notes

L.C.G. Clarke Bequest, 1960

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 28.6 cm
Height: 2.9 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Urbino ⪼ The Marches ⪼ Italy

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1961-04-27) by Clarke, Louis Colville Gray

Dating

16th Century, second quarter#
Renaissance
Production date: AD 1533 : dated

Note

The subject of the decoration was taken from Marcus Junianus Justinus' Latin epitome of Pompeius Trogus' Historiae Philippicae. In 246 BC, Seleucus II (265-226 BC) inherited the empire created by his father, Seleucus I, King of Syria. His tyrannical murder of his stepmother, Berenice, and his young brother provoked several cities to revolt against him. Seleucus raised a fleet to defeat them, but it was wrecked by a storm, and only he and a few of his supporters escaped. The inscription on the back is signed with the initials of Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo, a freelance maiolica painter in Urbino, who is not known to have owned his own pottery. One of the most characteristic features of his work was the creating of scenes form classical history or mythology by copying and adapting figures from different printed sources. He constructed this scene with figures from three engraved sources. Seleucus was based on a warrior on the left of 'Battle with a Cutlass', by Marco Dente (?) after Raphael or Giulio Romano or perhaps, as the figure is reversed, on the reversed version by Agostino Veneziano. The prone man on the jetty was derived from a figure in the right foreground of the same print. The figure to left of centre was derived from 'Sol' from the 'Gods who preside over the Seven Planets' by the Monogrammist IB, and the man on the right from the 'Martyrdom of St Lawrence' by Marcantonio Raimondi after Baccio Bandinelli.

School or Style

Renaissance

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of high-temperature colours ( blue, turquoise-green, yellow, orange, stone, brown, manganese-purple, inky blue-black, black, and white.)

Materials used in production

Tin-glaze
Earthenware

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Pale buff earthenware, tin-glazed overall; the glaze on the reverse is thin, off-white, and tinged with green. Painted in blue, turquoise-green, yellow, orange, stone, brown, manganese-purple, inky blue-black, black, and white.
Tin-glazing

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: .1533./Della sua Classe sol/Seleuco scampa./Nel .XXVII. libro d Iustino/ Histo:/.f.X.A.R./i Urbino.
  • Location: Reverse, in the middle
  • Method of creation: Painted in dark blue
  • Type: Inscription

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.87-1961
Primary reference Number: 76261
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 13 February 2024 Last processed: Tuesday 13 February 2024

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Seleucus II escaping from his Fleet after it had been wrecked by a Storm" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/76261 Accessed: 2024-04-13 05:50:43

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/76261 |title=Seleucus II escaping from his Fleet after it had been wrecked by a Storm |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2024-04-13 05:50:43|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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