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Polito's Menagerie: C.966-1928

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 27 (Glaisher)

Titles

Polito's Menagerie

Maker(s)

Maker: Unidentified Pottery

Entities

Categories

Description

Earthenware figure group, moulded and modelled, lead glazed and painted with polychrome enamels.

Stafforshire table-base group representing Polito’s Menagerie. The table base has four feet and two central props; it is painted brown, with relief polychrome garlands all around. A yellow booth stands on it; there are lamps and gathered curtains along the front of the roof and the top of a grey flight of steps centre front. To the left are a monkey seated on a barrel organ: a trumpeter, who also winds the organ: and a woman in a feathered hat. To the right are two trumpeters in long and a drummer. Above the booth is a tall façade with an elephant with a castle on its back, framed by a tiger, two monkeys in trees, and a lion, all moulded in relief. The façade is edged by a ribbon with the impressed inscription: ‘POLITOS / MENAGERIE OF THE MOST WONDERFUL BURDS AND BEASTS FROM MOST PART OF THE WORLD, LION etc.’. The back is flat, with four vent holes just above the table-base and a concave curve to the top of the facade, all painted yellow; there are painted, relief trees on the sides. The underside is glazed but unpainted. Two figures, animals/birds on top of the facade, steps at the front and a central lamp have been broken off.

Notes

History note: Bought from Mr E. W. Giles of Fulham on 20 September 1911, for £9.10s (nine pounds ten shillings) by Dr. J.W.L. Glaisher, FRS, Trinity College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Dr J.W.L. Glaisher Bequest

Measurements and weight

Height: 31 cm
Width: 35 cm

Relative size of this object

35 cm31 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr

Dating

Second quarter of 19th century
Circa 1825 CE - Circa 1830 CE

Note

Earthenware figure groups were popular from around 1810, although the earliest examples date from nearly a century earlier. A cheaper alternative to porcelain figures, they were often produced by small potteries; very few are marked. Classical or literary subjects were frequently copied from porcelain examples, but potters increasingly turned to scenes from everyday life and topical events. Early groups are often complex, with modelled and moulded parts, applied decoration and partially decorated backs. As demand increased, processes were streamlined for mass production and by c.1835 three-part press-moulding had largely replaced earlier methods. Table-base groups, on four or six short legs, were made from c.1825-35; probably by just a few makers. They have in the past been attributed to Obadaiah Sherratt of Burslem, but without clear evidence. The large number of modelled figures here suggests a late 1920s date.

Pottery models of Wombwell’s and Polito’s Menageries were equally popular, and there are a number of surviving examples. Versions on different table or other bases suggest they were made by several potters and sometimes the figures seem to have been made by different potters and/or moulds shared between potteries, perhaps to save costs. Figures of individual menagerie animals were also common.

Travelling menageries were popular in England from the late 18th Century. Exotic animals, such as lions and elephants had previously only been seen in aristocratic collections; now menageries took them out to the general public. From c.1830s, with the addition of animal tamers’ tricks, brass bands and human performers, the shows evolved into what we now know as circus. Stephani Polito bought the Exeter Change Menagerie, already established in London c.1810. He died in 1814, but Polito’s Menagerie continued until c.1836. George Wombwell started his first menagerie c.1807 and by 1839 Wombwell’s Menagerie included 15 wagons of animals; by 1850 there were three shows touring; the business continued until 1884.

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamels lead-glaze
Parts

Materials used in production

Earthenware

Inscription or legends present

  • Type: No visible mark
  • Text: No. 3514. Staffordshire group of Polito’s Menagerie b. in London Sept 20 1911.
  • Location: Underside of base
  • Method of creation: Rectangular paper label handwritten in black ink
  • Type: Label

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.966-1928
Primary reference Number: 76466
Old object number: 3514
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 15 July 2020 Last processed: Monday 26 September 2022

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Polito's Menagerie" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/76466 Accessed: 2022-10-06 03:06:49

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/76466 |title=Polito's Menagerie |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-10-06 03:06:49|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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