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Jug: C.2031-1928

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Object information

Current Location: In storage


Production: Unidentified Frechen pottery




Buff-grey stoneware with applied moulded relief and impressed decoration, partially coated with iron-brown wash, and salt-glazed. The bottle has an elongated bulbous body, a tapering cylindrical neck with a cordon below the mouth, and a small loop handle. A bearded face mask in relief is applied to the front of the neck, and lower down is an impressed plant motif.


History note: An owner, possibly in Essex; an unidentified dealer; Mr Morley, Cambridge, from whom bought in 1894 by Dr J.W.L. Glaisher, FRS, Trinity College, Cambridge

Legal notes

Dr J.W.L. Glaisher Bequest

Place(s) associated

  • Frechen ⪼ Germany

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1928-12-07) by Glaisher, J. W. L., Dr


17th Century#
Circa 1600 - 1699


The German term for salt-glazed stoneware jugs with bearded masks below the rim is Bart¬mann or Bartmannkrug (bearded man jug). They were produced in vast quantities at Frechen during the second half of the six¬teenth and seven¬teenth centuries, in a range of different sizes for domestic or commer¬cial purposes. They were exported to England by Dutch merchants through ports in the Netherlands, and were widely distributed and used until the late 17th century when the manufacture of salt-glazed stoneware and glass bottles was developed here. The German stoneware jugs became known as `Bellar¬mines' reputedly after Cardinal Roberto Bellarmino (1542-1621) whose reforming zeal made him unpopular in Protestant states. The term was first mentioned in William Cartwright’s comedy 'The Ordinary', (1634), and by the 19th century this had become a common collectors' term for these bottles.

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.2031-1928
Primary reference Number: 76583
Old object number: 663
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 9 August 2022 Last processed: Wednesday 13 December 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Jug" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-07-19 14:32:12

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