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Longcase equation and astronomical clock: M.21-1947

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 17 (Flower)

Titles

Longcase equation and astronomical clock

Maker(s)

Maker: Tompion, Thomas
Case maker: Braem, Jasper (Probably)

Entities

  • Clock
  • longcase equation and astronomical clock

Categories

Description

Oak case veneered with olive wood and marquetry, with ormolu mounts. The movement is of a month duration and has an early form of anchor escapement. It was altered to incorporate an astrolobe shortly after being made.

Dial: gilt dial plate, 10 1/4 inches (26.0 cm) square and silver cherub spandrels. Narrow chapter ring with silver overlay, engraved I - XII twice, with the five minute numbers within the minute divisions and simple half hour markings. The day of the month is shown in a square aperture above the chapter ring. Signed at the base of the dial ‘Thomas Tompion, Londini Fecit'. The whole of the space inside the chapter ring occupied by an astrolabe disc or rete of gilt brass with two applied silver rings. The space behind the rete has lines of equal altitude above a curved horizon line, the empty space between painted in blue, and below it a partially obliterated cartouche and the word ‘crepusculum'. This lower area had at some time been painted blue; this has now been removed. The minute hand of blued steel rotates once per hour and the hour hand, also of blued steel and with a gilt effigy of the sun, rotates once in 24 hours. The third hand, which bears an effigy of the moon, indicates lunar time. The astrolabe disc rotates once per sidereal day and has at its centre a dial which shows age and phase of the moon and high tide at London Bridge. The astronomical indications are discussed in some detail by Symonds.

Movement: Month duration movement with four wheel trains necessitating an indirect drive to the minute hand as with many 30 hour longcase clocks (usually known as "shake minutes"). It is evident that the move¬ment was made for a conventional clock and was modified to accommodate the astrolabe dial; this is shown by the extensions to the plates, provided to carry the indirect winding, necessary to avoid the winding squares fouling the rete, and by spare dial feet holes behind the winding wheels. A very early movement, probably c. 1675-80, not of Tompion's usual quality and with the first form of anchor escapement with undercut front faces to the escape wheel teeth. Bolt type maintaining power is provided but without shutters to the winding holes, these were probably removed when the movement was modified. It has the long crutch and oval section brass pendulum rod typical of Tompion's work. The movement is not numbered.

Case: Oak carcase veneered with olive wood and with olive wood mouldings, with small panels of simple marquetry probably c.1680. According to Dawson who restored the case some years ago, the centre panel in the trunk door is laid over signs of previous chopped-in inlay decoration. Trunk door full width between sides, with battens tongued and grooved, and reproduction hinges. Hood probably reconverted to slide up and with reproduction carved cresting said by Symonds to have probably been copied from the 30 hour Tompion case in Guildhall Museum. Replaced bun feet. Gilt metal Corinthian capitals and bases to plain hood columns and a gilt metal swag above dial opening.

Notes

History note: Mrs V.S. Knox, London; purchased by S.E. Prestige

Legal notes

Given by S. E. Prestige through the National Art Collections Fund

Measurements and weight

Height: 194.3 cm
Height: 76½ in
Width: 26 cm

Place(s) associated

  • London ⪼ England

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1947) by Prestige, Sidney Ernest

Dating

Late 17th Century
Charles II
Circa 1675 - Circa 1680

Note

The movement of the clock is of month duration, and has an early form of anchor escapement. It was altered to incorporate the astrolabe shortly after being made.

School or Style

Baroque

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Case composed of olive (wood) oak Width 10¼ in
Decoration composed of silver
Movement composed of brass (alloy)
Dial Height 10¼ in

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: Thomas Tompion, Londini Fecit
  • Location: Base of dial
  • Method of creation: Engraved
  • Type: Name

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.21-1947
Primary reference Number: 98110
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 3 August 2021 Last processed: Friday 6 August 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Longcase equation and astronomical clock" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/98110 Accessed: 2022-11-27 11:25:40

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/98110 |title=Longcase equation and astronomical clock |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-11-27 11:25:40|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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