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Pyx: M.12-1938

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 32 (Rothschild)

Maker(s)

Maker: uncertain

Entities

Categories

Description

Copper, champlevé, engraved, enamelled, and gilt.

Copper, champlevé, engraved, enamelled in mid-blue, turquoise green, yellow, and a little red enamel, and gilt. Cylindrical with a gilded cupola inside the lower part, and a conical cover surmounted by a replacement flat cross. The outside is decorated with four four medallions each containing a half-length angel with halo raising out of clouds, reserved in the metal. On the cover there are four similar medallions with angels, and between them trefoil and triangular designs in wavy bands of differing colours.

Notes

History note: Uncertain before testator

Legal notes

L.D. Cunliffe Bequest, 1937

Measurements and weight

Height: 9.5 cm
Height: 3½ in
Width: 8 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Limoges ⪼ Haute Vienne ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1937) by Cunliffe, Leonard Daneham

Dating

13th Century
Medieval
Circa 1200 CE - 1300 CE

Note

A pyx (from Latin pyxis, a box), is a container for the Euchar¬istic bread or Host (Latin hostia, a victim or sacri¬fice). By the thirteenth century two pyxes were considered necessary for each church: one to hold the unconsacrated wafers, and the other to hold the consecrated wafers. Numerous champlevé enamel pyxes have survived which suggests that they were among the most frequently commissioned liturgical objects. Foliated scrolls and busts of angels in were one of the most common types of decoration. The popularity of angels may be related to a reference to the Host as the ‘bread of angels’ (panis angelorum) by Saint Augustine (354-430), and later by medieval theologians.

School or Style

Gothic

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Hinge Plaque composed of iron ( tested with magnet)
Decoration composed of enamel gold
Base Diameter 6.8 cm Diameter 2⅝ in
Drum Only Height 1¼ in

Materials used in production

Copper

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.12-1938
Primary reference Number: 139828
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 2 February 2021 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2023) "Pyx" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/139828 Accessed: 2023-02-09 08:26:20

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/139828 |title=Pyx |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2023-02-09 08:26:20|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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