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Book of Hours: MS 85

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Book of Hours


PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Parchment, ii paper flyleaves + i parchment flyleaf + 151 fols. + ii parchment flyleaves + ii paper flyleaves, 183 x 134 (110 x 74) mm, 17 long lines, ruled in pink ink, partly erased catchwords.

BINDING: 19th century, red velvet over pasteboard.

CONTENTS: fols. 1r – 12v Calendar in French; fols. 13r – 20v Hours of the Cross; fols. 21r – 23v Hours of the Holy Spirit; fols. 24r – 28v Gospel Sequences of St John and St Luke; fols. 30r – 81r Hours of the Virgin; fols. 81r – 98v Penitential Psalms and Litany; fols. 99r – 146r Office of the Dead; fols. 146r – 151r Prayers and Suffrages.

DECORATION: Nineteen large miniatures with arched frames and full acanthus and floral borders at major text divisions: fol. 13r Hours of the Cross, Matins, Agony in the Garden, with soldiers outside garden fence; fol. 14v Prime, Christ before Pilate; fol. 15v Terce, Carrying of the Cross; fol. 16v Sext, Crucifixion with two thieves, Virgin and St John; fol. 17v None, Crucifixion with Virgin, St John, and skull beneath Cross; fol. 18v Vespers, Deposition; fol. 19v Compline, Entombment with Three Women, St John, and apostle; fol. 21r Hours of the Holy Spirit, Pentecost; fol. 30r Hours of the Virgin, Matins, Annunciation; fol. 40r Lauds, Visitation; fol. 51r Prime, Adoration of the Child; fol. 57r Terce, Annunciation to the Shepherds; fol. 61r Sext, Massacre of the Innocents; fol. 66r None, Adoration of the Magi; fol. 70r Vespers, Flight into Egypt; fol. 77r Compline, Presentation in the Temple; fol. 82r Penitential Psalms, David penitent; fol. 99r Office of the Dead, Funeral service; fol. 107r Raising of Lazarus.

ORNAMENTATION: Blue or pink white-patterned initials [4 ll.] with foliage infill on gold grounds beneath miniatures at major text divisions; gold initials [2 ll.] on blue and pink grounds with partial acanthus and ivy leaf borders; gold one-line initials on blue and red grounds; red and pink line-fillers with gold and white ornament; capitals highlighted in red.


History note: Charles, Duc d’Aremberg who added family events for the period 1568 – 1595 to the Calendar, including his wedding to Anne de Croy, the birth of a son in Bruges, and a baptismal ceremony of a daughter at St Gudule Cathedral in Brussels; Richard, seventh viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745 – 1816), acquired in 1810; his bequest, 1816.

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1816) by Fitzwilliam, Richard, 7th Viscount


Mid 15th century
Production date: circa AD 1450

People, subjects and objects depicted

Materials used in production


Components of the work

Support composed of parchment Text Height 110 mm Width 74 mm
Page Height 183 mm Width 134 mm

Techniques used in production

Penwork Illumination

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: crucem tuam
  • Location: Fol. 14r
  • Type: Secundo folio

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: MS 85
Primary reference Number: 169730
Project ID: 68
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 24 August 2020 Last processed: Wednesday 24 March 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Manuscripts and Printed Books

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Book of Hours" Web page available at: Accessed: 2022-06-27 06:29:06

Citation for Wikipedia

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{{cite web|url= |title=Book of Hours |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-06-27 06:29:06|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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