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Lames: M.1-X

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Object information

Current Location: In storage


Armourer: Helmschmied, Koloman (Possibly)


  • Lames
  • top two lames of a spaudler for right shoulder



Top two lames of a spaudler for the right shoulder, for parade use, with 'puffed-and-slashed' decoration in imitation of civilian costume. Consisting of two upward-overlapping lames of which the first is considerably deeper than the second and has a convex upper edge running into the lateral edges of the latter. This edge has a plain, partial inward turn accompanied by a recessed border decorated with an etched 'candelabrum' design on a plain, blackened ground. The first lame is decorated below this border with five, slender, vertical 'slashes' in imitation of those found on contemporary civilian costume. The upper edge of the second lame has a plain, partial, inward turn between the main borders at its outer ends. The lames were formerly connected to one another and to successive lames by brass-capped, round-headed rivets with irregular, internal washers at the rear, and by internal leathers secured to each lame by pairs of externally-flush rivets at the front and centre. All the rivets are preserved, but the rear rivet of the second lame lacks its brass cap. Both internal leathers are now missing. The inner end of the second lame is fitted with a decorative, brass-capped, round-headed rivet, occupying a construction-hole that aligns with the outer pair of rivets that formerly attached the front leather to the first lame. The apex of the first lame is pierced with a pair of circular lace-holes to attach it to the collar.


History note: From the armoury of the Princes Radziwill, Niescwiez Castle, Poland, sold as from 'The Armoury of a Russian [sic.] Prince', Christies, London, 29 March 1926. Dr John Hayward of Chepstow Villas, Notting Hill Gate, London

Legal notes

Given by Dr J. Hayward

Measurements and weight

Depth: 6.5 cm
Height: 9.8 cm
Weight: 0.097 kg
Width: 18.3 cm

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1933-03-16) by Hayward, John, Dr


16th Century, Early#
Production date: circa AD 1520


South German

The lames are bright with patches of medium to heavy patination overall.

This fragment and the right couter and lower cannon of the vambrace Acc. No. M.1.6-1936, belong to an armour of which the breastplate is now in the National Army Museum, Warsaw, and the right couter and vambrace is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Acc. No. 42.50.24 a & b. The armour is decorated differently on the left and right sides. For a general discussion of armours of this design see Ortwin Gamber, Jahrbuch des Kunsthistorischen Museen in Wien.

Components of the work

Rivet Caps composed of brass (alloy)

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Hammered : Consisting of two-overlapping lames of which the first is considerably deeper than the second and has a convex upper edge running into the lateral edges of the latter; hammered, shaped, riveted, with a recessed border and etched decoration on a blackened ground

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.1-X
Primary reference Number: 18613
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 6 September 2021 Last processed: Thursday 7 December 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

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