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Spaudler: M.1.7A-1936

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Object information

Current Location: In storage


Production: Unknown




Spaudler for the left shoulder, for parade use, with 'puffed-and-slashed' decoration in imitation of civilian costume. Formed of seven lames overlapping outwards from the third. The first and third lames are deeper than the rest. The spaudler has a convex upper edge involving the first three lames. Its upper and lower edges have boldly roped inward turns with pairs of incised lines separating the 'strands' of the roping. Each turn is paralleled by a raised rib decorated with matching roping. The intervening bands are each etched with scrolling foliage and flower heads on a stippled and blackened ground. The inner roped ribs are each bordered by an etched and blackened 'wolf's teeth' design. The internal edges of the lames are each decorated at their centres with filed ogees. The third lame is decorated with a series of seven slender, vertical, slightly recurved, recessed slashes, each etched with a pair of stylised leaf-fronds issuing upwards and downwards respectively, from its centre. The first to third lames are connected to one another at their outer ends by means of round-headed rivets with internal washers. The rivet connecting the second and third lames at the rear has a brass cap, and a circular internal washer. The corresponding modern rivet at the front lacks a brass cap and has a modern octagonal internal washer. The modern rivet connecting the first and second lames at the front also lacks a brass cap as well as its internal washer. The corresponding rivet at the rear is missing. The end of the first lame has broken away through the relevant rivet-hole. The third to seventh lames are connected to one another by sliding rivets at the rear, and internal leathers at the front and centre. The sliding rivets are round-headed with brass caps and circular internal washers. The modern leathers are retained by a pair of modern rivets on each lame except in the case of the seventh lame, where the inner rivet-hole for the first leather is now unused. The retaining-rivets are round-headed with octagonal internal washers on the third lame, and externally-flush on the fourth to seventh lames. These last are each fitted with a decorative, brass-capped, round-headed rivet, occupying construction-holes that align with the outer of the pair of rivet-holes for attaching the front leather. The border of the first lame is pierced at its centre with a large circular hole that would have fitted over a hinged stud on the collar. The border of the last lame is fitted at each of its outer ends with a brass-capped, round-headed rivet and brass rosette washer for the attachment of the strap and buckle that fastened the spaudler around the upper arm. Together with M.1.7B-1936


History note: From the armoury of the Princes Radziwill, Niescwiez Castle, Poland, sold as from the 'Armoury of a Russian [sic] Prince', Christies, London, 29 March 1926, lot 65 (together with M.1.7B-1936). Mrs E. W. Stead and Mr Gilbert Stead of Dalston Hall, Cumberland

Legal notes

Given by Mrs E. W. Stead and Mr Gilbert Stead

Measurements and weight

Depth: 10.5 cm
Height: 25 cm
Weight: 1.489 kg
Width: 18 cm

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1936-01-15) by Stead, E. W. and Gilbert


16th Century, Early#
Production date: circa AD 1520


South German

The spaudler is bright with medium to heavy patination overall, especially on the point of the shoulder. The roped rib on the first lame is perforated at its front end.

Components of the work

Leathers composed of leather ( modern)
Rivet Caps composed of brass (alloy)
Rosette Washer composed of brass (alloy)

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Hammered : Formed of seven lames overlapping outwards from the third; hammered, shaped, riveted, with raised ribs, filed, incised and etched decoration on a blackened and stippled ground

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: 68
  • Location: Inside
  • Method of creation: Painted red
  • Type: Number

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.1.7A-1936
Primary reference Number: 18631
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Monday 6 September 2021 Last processed: Thursday 3 August 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2023) "Spaudler" Web page available at: Accessed: 2023-12-07 11:59:27

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