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Christ Pantocrator: M.13-1904

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 32 (Rothschild)


Christ Pantocrator


Maker: Unknown




Rectangular carved ivory panel. Christ Pantocrator is represented half-length and full-face, wearing a tunic and pallium. He holds a book in his left hand and has his right hand raised in blessing. Behind his head are the three upper limbs of a gemmed cross (crux gemmata), the surfaces chequered in the same way as the book in Christ's hand. Narrow acanthus borders run horizontally along the top and bottom of the panel. There are two holes in the lower border close to the corners, another in the top left of the top border, which also has a split in the middle.


History note: From the 19th century cover of an Ottonian lectionary written at Reichenau (see M.R. James: Cat. of MSS. McClean 30); Barrois Collection, 1901 Barrois - Ashburnham Sale (cat. no. 189); McClean Bequest MS 30

Legal notes

Frank McClean Bequest

Measurements and weight

Height: 13.8 cm
Width: 9.7 cm

Relative size of this object

9.7 cm13.8 cm What does this represent?

Relative size of this object is displayed using code inspired by Good Form and Spectacle's work on the British Museum's Waddeson Bequest website and their dimension drawer. They chose a tennis ball to represent a universally sized object, from which you could envisage the size of an object.

Place(s) associated

  • Byzantium

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1904) by McClean, Frank


Second half of 10th century
Circa 950 CE - Circa 1000 CE


This panel was probably part of a triptych, and later had its sides cut down. It came to the Museum on the 19th century cover of an Ottonian lectionary bequeathed by Frank McClean (McClean MS 30) in the Department of Manuscripts and Printed Books. The image of Christ shows him as Lord of All gazing magestically towards the viewer.

School or Style


People, subjects and objects depicted

Materials used in production


Techniques used in production

Carving : Ivory

References and bibliographic entries

Related exhibitions

Identification numbers

Accession number: M.13-1904
Primary reference Number: 31445
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 26 January 2021 Last processed: Friday 17 March 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2023) "Christ Pantocrator" Web page available at: Accessed: 2023-06-02 13:20:05

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{{cite web|url= |title=Christ Pantocrator |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2023-06-02 13:20:05|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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