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Gobelet litron et soucoupe: C.50 & A-1961

An image of Cup and saucer

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Object information

Current Location: In storage

Titles

Gobelet litron et soucoupe

Maker(s)

Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory (Factory)
Noël, Guillaume (Painter)

Description

Soft-paste porcelain cup and saucer, with a mauve ground, painted in blue, green, and pink enamels with cornflower and rose sprays in reserves, and gilded.

Soft-paste porcelain decorated with a mauve ground, and painting in blue, green, pink and mauve enamels, and gilding Cylindrical cup with arched and incurved handle. Circular saucer with flat central area and deep sloping sides. There is a suspension hole in the footring of the saucer. Both pieces have a mauve ground decorated with blue and gold oeil-de-perdrix. The cup has two large oval reserves framed by a plain gold band, each painted in blue, mauve and green with a cornflower spray, surrounded by an oval garland of pink roses, small blue flowers and green leaves. Between them there are two smaller oval reserves, each painted in blue, mauve, and green with a cornflower spray, and framed by two gilt bands. There are gold bands round the foot and rim and lines of gilding down the sides of the handle, which also has a stylised leaf, two husks and dots down its back. The saucer has a small circular reserve in the centre framed by a narrow and a wider gilt band. Its ground matches the cup, but the oiel-de-perdrix are of graduated size radiating from the centre.The sides are decorated with three large and three small oval reserves painted en suite with those on the cup. There is a band of gilding round the rim and another round the exterior of the foot.

Notes

History note: Alfred de Rothschild; purchased from Mallet & Sons, London for £35 in 1929 by Louis C.G. Clarke, Cambridge

Legal notes

L.C.G. Clarke Bequest, 1960

Place(s) associated

  • Sèvres ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Bequeathed (1960) by Clarke, Louis Colville Gray

Dating

Late 18th century
Louis XVI
Production date: AD 1779

Note

The gobelet litron was named after a cubic measure, the litron, which was normally made of wood, and was used for dry stuffs, such as corn and peas. Its size in Paris had been defined in 1670 as the equivalent of 9.45 cm high and 10.15 cm in diameter in pouces and lignes, which was larger than the largest of the porcelain cups. The first size of gobelet litron had been introduced at Vincennes before October 1752 when it was mentioned in an inventory of stock, but was probably being made earlier (records are lacking).The second and third sizes followed in 1753, and the fourth and fifth in 1757. They could be fitted with one of seven different handle forms . A drawing in the archives at Sèvres is dated 19 February 1753 (MNS, R1, liasse 2, dossier 2, No. 6bis) They were supplied singly, singly with a plateau carré, in ’harlequin’ sets, or as part of matching dejeuner. (See Documentation, Préaux 1991, Savill, 1988, Bellaigue 2009)

This is a gobelet litron of the third size with Savill's handle shape B (see Documentation). Lilac, mauve, violet, and purple for grounds were fashionable from 1773 throughout the reign of Louis XVI.

School or Style

Rococo Louis XVI

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamels ( blue, green, pink and mauve) ground colour ( mauve) gold Saucer Diameter 12.5 cm Height 3.1 cm
Cup Rim Diameter 5.6 cm
Cup Height 5.9 cm
Cup With Handle Width 7.5 cm

Materials used in production

Lead-glaze Soft-paste porcelain

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Soft-paste porcelain decorated with a mauve ground, painting in blue, green, pink and mauve enamels, and gilding
Lead-glazing

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: interlaced L's enclosing BB

  • Location: On base of cup and saucer
  • Method of creation: Painted in blue enamel
  • Type: Factory mark

Inscription present: horizontal line, and line above it with an arc in the middle

  • Location: On base of cup and saucer
  • Method of creation: Painted in blue enamel
  • Type: Painter's mark
  • Text: 3 and 36a
  • Location: On the base of the cup
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Incised mark
  • Text: 36
  • Location: On base of saucer
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Incised mark

Inscription present: rectangular white paper label

  • Text: Collection/Alfred de Rothschild
  • Location: On base of sucer
  • Method of creation: Hand-written in black ink
  • Type: Label

Inscription present: rectangular white paper label

  • Text: 'SEVRES', printed and 'Painter Noel/Date/1779' hand-written
  • Location: On base of saucer
  • Method of creation: Printed in black and hand-written in faded black ink
  • Type: Label

Inscription present: square paper label with the top line of the inscription torn away

  • Text: ‘…/C 5016/3900/c and s’.
  • Location: On base of saucer
  • Method of creation: Hand-written in black ink
  • Type: Label

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.50 & A-1961
Primary reference Number: 75312
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 25 February 2020 Last processed: Thursday 8 April 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

This record can be cited in the Harvard Bibliographic style using the text below:

The Fitzwilliam Museum (2022) "Gobelet litron et soucoupe" Web page available at: https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/75312 Accessed: 2022-08-10 00:31:56

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{{cite web|url=https://data.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/id/object/75312 |title=Gobelet litron et soucoupe |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2022-08-10 00:31:56|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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