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Cup: C.95 & A-1997

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 26 (Lower Marlay)


Factory: Nymphenburg Porcelain Factory
Modeller: Clair, Adam




Hard-paste porcelain, decorated with a biscuit porcelain relief of Caroline of Bavaria, pink enamel ground, and gilding

Hard-paste porcelain, decorated with an applied biscuit porcelain relief, clear glaze, pink ground colour, and gilding. The cup is of curved beaker form with an everted rim, standing on a slightly domed and stepped foot. The handle has a swan's head upper terminal attached to the inside of the rim. It rises up above the rim and curves downwards and inwards to rejoin the side of the cup. The outside is moulded with an acanthus leaf, and there is a small circular 'bridge' half way up. The circular saucer has sloping sides, and a recessed base.
On the front of the cup there is a biscuit cameo head of a woman of in profile to right in an oval medallion with a gilt vermiculé ground. The rest of the exterior has a pink ground decorated at the top with a horizontal border of laurel and berries with a spray hanging down on each side of the handle. There is a broad gold band round the edge of the foot, and apart from the rim, and a small circle in the centre, the whole of the interior is gold. The handle is gold except for four reserved white bands.
The saucer is decorated in the centre with a circular medallion with a broad bold frame enclosing a gold stylized flower head. The rest of the inside has a pink ground, and there is a broad gold band round the rim. The edge of the rim, and the reverse are white.

Legal notes

Given by G.H.W. Rylands in memory of his mother, Betha Wolferstan Rylands

Place(s) associated

  • Nymphenburg ⪼ Bavaria ⪼ Germany

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1997) by Rylands, G.H.W.


19th Century, Early#
Maximilian I
Production date: circa AD 1810


The portrait relief is of Queen Caroline of Bavaria, wife of Maximilian I of Bavaria (1756; king 1806-25). The model master, Johann Peter Melchior (active 1797-1822 at the factory) created a series of portrait busts which were also produced as biscuit reliefs and as decoration for vessels. The model of the Queen of Bavaria was made in 1809. The relief on the cup was modelled by Adam Clair who was employed at Nymphenburg between 1800-29, and executed Melchior's designs. (see Documentation, Bauer, 1983).

People, subjects and objects depicted

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamel ( pink) gold
Saucer Diameter 13.2 cm Height 2.5 cm
Rim Diameter 7.9 cm
Cup Height 11 cm

Materials used in production

Hard-paste porcelain

Techniques used in production

Hard-paste porcelain : Hard-paste porcelain, decorated with an applied moulded biscuit relief, a pink enamel ground, and gilding
Glazing (coating)

Inscription or legends present

Inscription present: Rautenschild

  • Location: On inside of foot of cup
  • Method of creation: Impressed
  • Type: Factory mark
  • Text: W
  • Location: On inside of foot of cup
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Mark
  • Text: AC monogram
  • Location: On inside of foot of cup
  • Type: Monogram

Inscription present: perhaps PS monogram

  • Location: On inside of foot of cup
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Monogram
  • Text: I R
  • Location: On base of saucer near footring
  • Method of creation: Incised
  • Type: Mark

Inscription present: dot over the 1

  • Text: 15
  • Location: On base of saucer
  • Method of creation: Painted in gold
  • Type: Mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.95 & A-1997
Primary reference Number: 76431
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Tuesday 18 October 2016 Last processed: Wednesday 13 December 2023

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2024) "Cup" Web page available at: Accessed: 2024-07-13 08:50:52

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