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Compotier from the Rittener Service: C.195-1918

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Object information

Current Location: Gallery 26 (Lower Marlay)


Compotier from the Rittener Service


Factory: Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory
Painter: Commelin, Michel-Gabriel
Gilder: Vincent, Henry-François


  • Dish
  • Factory name: compotier



Soft-paste porcelain painted in polychrome enamels with a central bunch of flowers and foliage, surrounded by floral borders, and gilded.

Soft-paste porcelain painted in blue, green, pink, and pinkish-red, enamels, and gilded. Circular with deep, curved sides, standing on a low footring in which there is a suspension hole. In the centre there is a bunch of flowers, comprising three pinkish-red roses, a rosebud, several stems of blue cornflowers, and green leaves, surrounded by two concentric blue lines linked at intervals by eight pairs of slanting wavy gold lines. The sides have a wide border comprising concentric bands of decoration as follows: (a) Groups of three flower stems, a blue, a pink, and a blue cornflower, alternating with a pinkish-red rose, a blue cornflower, and a pinkish-red rose, divided from each other by a green stylised plant. (b) Above and below (a), a narrow blue line and a series of stylised pinkish-red flowers on green stalks, divided from each other by diagonal pinkish-red lines. (c) Above and below (b), a narrow gold line, a blue line, and a wider gold line.


History note: Unknown before donor, Ralph Hare Griffin (1854-1941)

Legal notes

Given by Ralph Griffin, MA, FSA

Measurements and weight

Diameter: 20.8 cm
Height: 4.7 cm

Place(s) associated

  • Sèvres ⪼ France

Acquisition and important dates

Method of acquisition: Given (1918-08-28) by Griffin, Ralph


Late 18th century
Louis XVI
Production date: circa AD 1791 : The oo date mark indicates 1791 rather than 1792


Deep serving dishes described as 'compotiers' were made in several shapes from the Vincennes period onwards. This is almost certainly one of four 'compotiers ronds' costing 24 livres each which formed part of a dinner and dessert service purchased by Enoch Rittener, a London china merchant, in March 1791. The design is similar to no. 115 in the factory's Album of Plate Designs.

The gilder, Henry-François Vincent's mark 2000, was a pun on his name. He worked at Vincennes frm 1753 and retired in 1800.

The painter, Michel-Gabriel Commelin (1746-1802), worked at the factory from 1766 or 1768 until 1800 when he was dismissed. He was reinstated in 1801 and died in 1802. On 15 January 1791, he was paid 6 livres for painting four compotiers ronds for the service purchased by Rittener. These cost 24 livres each.

School or Style

Louis XVI

Components of the work

Decoration composed of enamels ( blue, green, pink, dark pink and black) gold
Glaze composed of lead-glaze ( presumed lead-glaze)

Materials used in production

Soft-paste porcelain

Techniques used in production

Moulding : Soft-paste porcelain, painted in blue, green, pink, dark pink, and black enamels, and gilded

Inscription or legends present

  • Text: 31
  • Location: On base
  • Method of creation: Incised underglaze
  • Type: Incised mark
  • Text: interlaced Ls with oo above
  • Location: On base
  • Method of creation: Painted in blue enamel
  • Type: Factory mark

Inscription present: joined lower case letters

  • Text: cm
  • Location: On base below the factory mark
  • Method of creation: Painted in blue enamel
  • Type: Painter's mark
  • Text: 2000
  • Location: On base to right of factory mark
  • Method of creation: Painted in gold
  • Type: Gilder's mark

References and bibliographic entries

Identification numbers

Accession number: C.195-1918
Primary reference Number: 86627
Stable URI

Audit data

Created: Saturday 6 August 2011 Updated: Wednesday 13 January 2021 Last processed: Tuesday 16 November 2021

Associated departments & institutions

Owner or interested party: The Fitzwilliam Museum
Associated department: Applied Arts

Citation for print

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The Fitzwilliam Museum (2023) "Compotier from the Rittener Service" Web page available at: Accessed: 2023-01-28 15:03:04

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{{cite web|url= |title=Compotier from the Rittener Service |author=The Fitzwilliam Museum|accessdate=2023-01-28 15:03:04|publisher=The University of Cambridge}}

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